ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ

--ϳ 踦 ߽--

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㵵ȭ


* ϳ 踦 ߽ ٷ ѱ ᱳȸ ⿡ κ̴. ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ 迡 κи Ѵ().

ѱȸ Ͽ谡 иϰ ִ. ׷ ұϰ ݱ ѱȸ Ͽ ȸ ǥ ϴ ̾. ̷ ǥ ܿ ȸ Ͽ迡 پϰ Ÿ Ͽ ã ſ ƴ. Ͽ迡 ϸ ִ ȸ鿡 ϰų ٸ ߰ ִ. ѱ ᱳȸ ǰ ִ ϵ ʴ. ó ȿ پ ٷ ϵ ִ ̴. ̿ , 츮 ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ Ư ˰ Ͱ Ͼ. ׷ ѱ ᱳȸ Ͽ ۵Ǿ°? ׸ Ư¡ Ǿ°?

̿ ϱ , ڴ ô뺰 ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ Ư¡ ̴. ô뺰 ʱ ᱳȸ Ư¡ ˾ƺ ַ ǥ Ͽ м ׸ ô ٸ Ͽ ϴ. , ô뺰 Ͽ Ư¡ ϰ ִ ߽ ʱ ᱳȸ ̴. ˾ƺ Ͽ ߽ ô Ư¡ ٰſ ص ؼϴ ̴. , ʱ ᱳȸ Ư¡ ô븦 ڷ ̴.

ʱ ᱳȸ Ư¡

ʴ뱳ȸ װͿ ̹ ǰ ־. ̰ ġ ϵDZ ޵ Ͱ . ̷ ׻ ʰ ˷ ʱ ϰų Ѵٴ ̴. ѱ ű ü ļ Ұ 帮ٰ Ŀ ȸ ġ Բ ڸ Ͽ迡 Թ ǥ ҰϿ. ̷ â α {} Ͽ, ׸ { } Ͽ ȸ ޵Ǿ. {} { } ڿ ȸ غϰ ൿ ҰϿ.

1907⿡ ѱ ᱳȸ 缱ȸ ô븦 1921⿡ (缱ȸ ᱳȸ) Ͽ. 1925 1996 11ȸ ϰ ϸ鼭 ʸ Ͽ. ׷ ѱ ᱳȸ Ͽ Թ ó Ұ ȸ ۵ 30, ׸ 15 1936 {}̴. ׷ ѱ ᱳȸ ó Ÿ 1936 , Ư 1907 ۵Ǵ â Ͽ迡 Ͽ ׸ 1920 Ͽ迡 Ͽ ִ°? ʱ ᱳȸ 1910 1920뿡 Ͽ踦 ȴ°?

1. 1910

ܱκ ޾ ۵ İ ׷ ʱ ᱳȸ DZ ߾ ǽ ߽ ȸ(ȸ) ȸ ſ ǽ ̴. ѱ ᱳȸ ۵ 15 Ǿ ô ȸ() 33 ̸ 1929 75 ȸ ôǾ. 75 ȸ 21 ȸ 1910뿡, 54 ȸ 1920ôǾ. ׷Ƿ 1910 ѱ ᱳȸ Ͽ踦 Ѵٴ ô 21 ȸ ȴ° ˾ƺ ̴.

ʱ ᱳȸ " ̸ ɸ° Ȥ ȸ κ Ͽ踦 ȴ. ô ʱ⿡ ᱳȸ غ ȴٰ ƴ. ׵ 19 ̱ Ƽ (Frontier Worship) Ư¡ " ġ"(hymn sandwitch) İ ۰ յڷ Ͽ ϴ ȸ ̾ ̴. ̷ ϰ ϴ ۵ 1907 ߽ ѱ ̴. ȸ ϴ ߽ û ѱ ȸ 뺯ϱ Ͽ.

̿ܿ ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ ȸ Ͽ踦 Ư¡ ִ ӵ ־. ô(1907-1920) ᱳȸ ⵵ȸ ̿ܿ ٸ Ͽ (The Gospel Service Ȥ Holiness Meeting)" "ȸ(The Salvation Meeting)" ־. ȸ ȸ ۵ Ό Ī ݵ ѱ ȸ, ̳ Ό踦 ȸ θ ִ.

ȸ B. F. Buxton(1860 ) Ϻ ۵Ǿ. ȸ Ͽ ѱ ƿ ʱ ᱳȸ Ͽ. ȸ ְ ƴ϶ Ŀ ü Ȯϱ Ͽ ʱ ѱᱳȸ ȸ Ư⵵ȸ ȸ̾. ׷Ƿ ȸ ̹ ڵ ˱ϰ Ϸ ǵ ȸ̾. "ȸ" ̵ ȸ εϿ ׵鿡 ϴ ȸ̾. ȸ ֵ , , Ǿ ȸ ַ 漳 ̷. ȸ ڵ ȸ̾ٸ, ȸ ڳ ʽڵ ȥ Ͽ غ ȸ̾. ׷Ƿ ȸ ȸ " " "" ݿ ˸ ʱ ᱳȸ ȸ̾.

ȸ ȸ и ߽ ߰ ȸ Ǵ ̾. ׷ ̿ Ư ȸ ̳ ȸ 1910 ᱳȸ Ͽ迡 иϳ ׷ ȸ ü ̴.

1. 1920

1920 ʱ ᱳȸ ϱ ô ʿ䰡 ִ. 1920 ѱȸ žӰ ž ü Ǿ ߴ 3.1 ķ Ͽ Ÿ´. Ҽ ε û ߽ Ű ǽȭ̾, ٸ 3.1 ޷ ž, ġ ź ̾. ̷ ѱ Ȳ "ȸ ƴ϶ " ᱳȸ  ڸ Ͽ ȸ 踦 õϿ.

ȸ 缱ȸ ñ ᱳȸ ǥ ϴ ͺ ִ ȸ, , ĵ鿡 ־. ׷ ᱳȸ 1925⿡ ʷ () Ұϱ⺸ٴ Բ ηϿ Ĺ Ұϰ ִ. ׷Ƿ Ұ Ĺδ 1920 Ͽ踦 ϱⰡ ƴ.

׷ 1922 ᱳȸ {Ȱõ} 1920 ϴµ Ǹ ϰ ִ. ȸ ȸ̳ ҽ ϴ {Ȱõ} ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ 1936⿡ ó Ұ ̹ 1920 Ͽ Ǿٴ ãƺ ִ. 1924缱ȸ ̻ȸ ȭǾ ȸ ź ٷ () () ൿ() ()Ű ()Ͼ" ź Ͽ ٰ: ˸)Ͽ. ̷ ̻ȸ Ͽ ȸ ź 1920 Ͽ ϴ "뿹()" ̵ Ư ߰ ̴. Ͽ 1920 Ĺ б Ͽ迡 Ÿ. 1926 12 ̻ȸ Ͽ ȸ ź 1929 б :

1] 1920 ᱳȸ б

1926 1929

ȸ()

⵵ ⵵()

( Ȥ )

ź ȭ()

⼮, )

( Ȥ )

â(Ȥ â) Ư()

()

â(Ȥ â)

ǰ Իȯ

()

⵵ ⵵

۰ ൵ ȸ

1920 Ĺ б ź κ ̵ Ư ó ݱ ѱ ᱳȸ 絵Ű, , ׸ ߰ϸ ᱳȸ ϴ ϴ ׸ ̴. ̷ 1920 ñ α ִ.

2] 1920 ѱ ű

(1922)] [] [(1923)]

[] [] ڿϿ ־ Ȥ

() 絵Ű 絵Ű

ÿ ֱ⵵

⵵ ڿϿ ־ Ȥ

(Ϳ)

ž೶

۰

Ư Ư

(˻Գ)

⵵ ⵵

ÿ ۰

൵ ൵ (1) ( 13:14)

ȸ

ǥ 2 Ÿ α Ұ ߽ ʱ κ ̴. ׷ ó α Ͽ ִ. ó ̱ ѱ ־̳ κ ߾ ְ 絵Ű ֱ⵵ Բ ԵǾ ž༺ Բ ϸ ̿ Ÿ. ׷ κ ᱳȸ Ͽ ټ ʱ α .

絵Ű ֱ⵵ α Ͽ 1922 α Ұ ʷ ̴. Ʈν Ͽ ü ʱ εڿ ڵ ߽ ̴. ̷ α 1895⿡ α ο ЮԳ(ԱαԵ) Ұ ũ ٸ ʴ. ԱαԵ 1895 Samuel A. Moffett õǾ. ̰ α Թ پ ۰ Բ ž ʺڵ鿡 ȸ ġ Ͽ. ⿡ Ұ : , , , ⵵ (ȸ Ȥ ǥ ), , , ⵵, , . ̷ ۰ и ʾҴ ߰ 1896 Horace G. Underwood Ȱ غ ѱ ֺ, ȰϿ衻̴. Ʈν κ ü ʱ α Ͽ ߽ κ Ͽ 1907  ȭ ߽ ȸ Ͽ.

α ټ 1923ǵ Ұ ̱ ű ̴. ѱ α ͺ ̱⸦ Ͽ. ̷ ʱ ѱ ȸ ̱ ȸ Ÿ ״ Ű õϿ. 1923 1910⿡ ǵ ̰ȸ ɰ (The Doctrine and Discipline of Methodist Episcopal Church) Ұ ̴. ѱ 1895 W. B. Scranton ѱ Wesley Sunday Service Ϻθ Ͽ桻 Ұ ̴. 1898 ȸ ҰǾ: , Ͼ), 絵Ű, ⵵(ȸ εϸ ȸ ݾ), ⵵, (), : 1(߿), (ȸ߰ ), , : 2(ž߿), , , , , ൵. 1923 ȸ ϰ ִ.

ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ âϸ鼭 ̱ ȸ âڵ鿡 ޾Ҵ. 缱ȸ ۵ ʱ ѱᱳȸ ȸ, ġ, ׸ " ä" Ÿ ۿ . ׷ ұϰ 1925 ʱ ᱳȸ Ӱ ƴ϶ α ȸ¿ ޾Ҵ. ׷ 1920 ѱ ű ǥ 2 ϸ, ϵ ϴ ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ α Ϳ Ÿ. ̷ ᱳȸ ۺ ȸڵ ٴ ȸ Ͽ Ÿ ̴.

2. 1930

ݼⰡ Ǵ 1930 ѱ ű ȭ Ͼ ߿ ñ̴. ȸ δ ߽ ȸ() ѱ ű ƴ ž, ͵ ߱ ȸ, ׸ ̿뵵 ź ǿ ȸ Ҹ Ͽ. ̼ ȸ 1907 ȸ ȸϰ ־. ׷ ߿ ȭ ȸ ȿ Ͼ Ͽµ Ұ Թ, , ׸ ѱ Ȳ ϰ ű Ÿ Ͽ.  鿡 1930 ѱ ű ϴ ߽ Թ ϴ "" ôκ ó ֺ Ǵ Ͱ ȭ "" ô뿡 ܰ ִ.

ѱ α Ͽ ⺻ Ű ǥ Ʈν ٰѴ. ٽ ҵ ߱⵵, , , , 14 ׸ Ǿ ִ. α 1904 Ʈν Ϻθ Ͽ ҿ丮 ϴٰ 1907⿡ ȸ Ͽ {} ȿ ҿ丮 ߽ ߰Ͽ. α 1922 {} ̱ α Ͽ ҰϿ. ׷ α ڼ ҿ丮 ߽ 1922 {} 1934 {} ۵ȴ. 1934 1977 {ļ} ǵ α ϴ Ǿ.

ó ̱ ȸ ϴ ״ Ű ϴ ѱ Ÿ ȭ ַ Ÿ ȭ̾. ü ̱ ȸ ߰Ǿ ڿ ǥǾ. ð 1910ǵ ̰ȸ ɰ (The Doctrine and Discipline of Methodist Episcopal Church) Ǹ Ͽ ѱȸ ϴ Ÿ ȭ ̾. 1930̷ ܼ ȭ Բ ǥǴ ū ȭ Ͼ. ѱ 1930ȸ Ŀ ߰ ȸ ο ϰ ȸ Ұϸ鼭 , ϴ Ͽ ó ֺ ܼȭϿ. 1930 ǥ--, Գ(1910) ˻Գ(1923) , (1910) Ϳ(1923) --Ӹ ƴ϶, ο ߰ (, 𳶵, , ൵ ), ϴ и (ݰ , ȸ۰ ൵), ׸ ̵ (ž೶ ) ѱ ʸ Ͽ. ̶ 1931⿡ Ǿٰ 1935 ٽ ϴ " 𳶵" ϸ 1962 ȭ .

̿ 1930 ȭ Ͽ ѱ ű ϰ Ǿ. ѷ ߽ Ǹ鼭 ݰ պκп ġ ̴. پ鼭 պκп ŵ ϴ ǥ⵵ Ͽ. ִ ѱ ű ־̳ ϴ ̱ȸ ù Ų ̴. ѱ ű ϰ ǵ ϱ ȿ ϸ鼭 1930, α 1934, ׸ 1936 Ұ ƴϾ Ұϱ Ͽ. ѱᱳȸ 缱ȸκ 25 1933 4 ȸ ġ , 1936 {} "() () ݵ (Ԫ)" Ͽ. ׷ ᱳȸ ڸ 1945 ̴.

̹ Ѵ, 1907 ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ 缱ȸ ô븦 1921 (缱ȸ ᱳȸ) Ͽ 1925 Ͽ ʸ Ͽ Ͽ . 缱ȸ 1933 ᱳȸ ӽþ ) Ĺ ҰǾ ִ. ᱳȸ ü 1936 {} ó Ͽ Թ Բ Ұȴ. ׷Ƿ 1936 ʷ ȭ ᱳȸ ̴. 1936 1930 1934 α ϴ ϸ Ư¡ иϰ Ÿ. ׷ 1930 ᱳȸ ϴ Ư¡ ִ°?

3] 1930 ѱ ű

(1930) α(1934) ᱳ(1936)

) *[]

*(1 Ȥ 2)

𳶵 ù⵵

絵Ű 絵Ű 絵Ű

⵵(ֱ⵵)

()

*ı⵵

Ϳ)

*泶

ݰ ⵵ θ ߿

Ư) Ư)

ž೶

*

()

⵵ ⵵

ȸ

ູ ൵ *൵(Ȥ ⵵)

, ȸ) ȸ

α (1934) * ÿ , *ı⵵ ı⵵, *泶 , ׸ * ˻Գ ǥϿ.

ᱳ(1936) *[Ԫ]: ѿ ݵ Ԫ ϶.

*ʰ: (õ ɼμڼ, ֽôֿȣ ϰϼ)

*Ԫ: ( ѷԪ ϶)

(ֿ׸ ϳԾƹǻϽɰ ǰȭϽ 츮ֱ ϳ̴ 13:14)

ѱ ű ǥ 3 Ÿ ó 1930 ֵ Ư¡ ִ.

ù°, 1930 ᱳȸ ſ ̴. ñ ٸ , ü (1930) α(1934) Ϳ . δ. ⺻Ұ Ͽ α Ư¡ Ư¡ ֱ⵵ Ǿ ִ. ۿ Ͽ. ̿ պκп ȭ ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ Ͽ谡 Ͽ ȸڵ ߽ ȸ ̾ ִ ̴. ϱ ݰ Ͽ ʿ信 () Ư Ͽ Ÿ ǵ и Ͽ. ׷ ξ ϱ Ͽ ݰ ̿ ġŴ .

ʱ ᱳ ´ ڵ Ͽ ֵ ʱ ̱ ȸ Ŀ θ鼭 ϴ "û ð" Ȥ " ð" ϰ ־. ѱ ȸ 1910 1920뿡 󸶵 ϴٰ 1930 Ŀ Ͽ. ׷ ʿ伺 "() ߽"̶ ̸ 1962 ٽ ȰϿ.

°, 1930 ᱳȸ ִ α Ϳ ݸ, Թ̳ κ δ. α Ʈν Ͽ ׸ ùٸ ϱ Ͽ. ʱ⿡ ü ʿ伺 ׵ ǥϿ. ׷ Ե ʾ غϱ ڵ鿡 ǹȭϿ. ȸ θ ۰(ʰ; Doxology) Ͽ ̿ (" õ ") Ͽ 1990 Ű ִ. ൵ ٿ ൵(ļ 13:14) Ͽ. ̿ ȸ) ȸ δ.

°, ִ δ. θ鼭 ݼ ϵ " θ ߿ " ǥ ѱ ű Ÿ Ư ǥ̴. ó ȸ ǿ ϴ θ. ׷ , ݰ ⵵, ֱ⵵, Ǵ ȸ۰ Բ ϵ Ÿ ־ ó̴. ڰ ϴ ʱ⿡ ڰ ʾƵ Ͽ踦 ֱ⵵ ȸ ְ Ͽ (ֱ⵵ α 迡 ǰ ǥ⵵ Բ Ǿ ȴ). ó ֱ⵵ ȸϵ Ŀ Ό質 ⵵ȸ ѱ ű Ǿ.

3. 1940-50

1930 ѱȸ ϱ Ż ϱ ġ ǹ̿ ҷ״. Ż蹮 пǾ ѱȸ ع Ŀ п ޾. ѱȸ 1950 ѱ Ͽ Ѷ Ӱ ȭ ̴ žӰ α 1952⿡, 1954⿡ пǾ ٽ Ŀ ̺ž äϿ. İ Ȥ ӵǴ ̷ ߿ α Ͽ迡 ȭ ϱ ſ . ׷ 1940-50뿡 ᱳȸ 谡 ȭ Ͽ ˾ƺ 1936 غ.

4] 1940-50 ѱ ᱳȸ Ͽ ȭ

1936 1945

[Ԫ] Ԫ

ʰ ʰ

ѷԪ *ѷԪ

ѷԪ

ʰ

ѷԪ

ʰ ͱ

ѷԪ

ͱ

(ܬʰ) *(ܬ)

()

ѷԪ +ѷԪ

ʰ ʰ

Ԫ(ѷԪ) Ԫ

*[]

1945 *ѷԪ: ϰ ѷԪ

*(ܬ): (1955 Ұ )

+ѷԪ: ٣

*[]: Ԫ Ԫϰ ߤ϶ (1955 )

1920 ᱳȸ 1936 1945 2ȸ Ͽ ȭ Ͽ. 1940 α Ͽ迡 ȭ , 1936 1945 ̿ ȭ Ÿ. 1945 1936 ᱳȸ Ư¡ κ ѱ ű Ѿ 1950-60 ӵǾ. ǥ 4 ϸ, 1940-50 1936 κ ȭ Ÿ. Ư ߰, ǥ, ׸ ȭ Ÿ.

ù°, 1936 Ǿ ⺻ҵ ߰ Ʋ ߾. ǥ⵵ Ŀ ֱ⵵ Ͽ α ߰Ͽ. 1945 ᱳȸ 絵Ű, , ֱ⵵, ׸ Ǿ. ׷ 1945 1970 絵Ű, ֱ⵵, ϳ ó Ǿ ȴ. 1996 Ұ Ÿ ᱳȸ Ư¡ ȴ. ٸ ʴ´. , 絵Ű, ֱ⵵ ̿ (Ȥ ) ġȴ. α ȭ ش. α 1930 ֱ⵵ Ͽ 1970 ⺻ҷ ȸѴ. ׷ α ֱ⵵ տ ϸ鼭 ̸ 絵Ű ķ ̵Ų.

°, 1945 ǥ⿡ ȭ ־. Ī ִ ǹ̸ ߰Կ ô뿡 ǥ ǥϴ ù̴. ᱳ 1945 , ȸ ̸鼭 , , ׸ ۰ ϱ Ͽ. 1930 ܼ "Ư"̶ ȸ θ Ͽ 1940뿡 ü ȸ θ ǥ ݸ, θ Ͽ ǥϿ. ׸ 1930 ȸ ҷ ۰(Doxology) ״. 1930 ѱ ű Ȥ(α) θ 1940뿡 ǥϿ. α 1960뿡 ̸ 泶 Ӱ ǥѴ.

°, 1945 ȭ Ÿ. , ȭ ԰ Ǽ ȭŲ. ⺻ҷ Ͽ غϰ һӸ ƴ϶, ൵ ұϰ ļ ڵ ϰ ο ϸ鼭 ļ۵Ǵ غϰ Ͽ. ̷ ۰ κп ϰ Ͽ. ȭ ִ ġ ڿ õϰ Ͽ. ǥ⵵ ֱ⵵ Ͽ, α ߰Ͽ պκп ȭǾ. ݰ ̿ Ͽ 1930 Ÿ .

ݱ ʱ ѱᱳȸ Ͽ踦 ô뺰 캸Ҵ. ʱ ᱳȸ ô뿡 پ Ư¡ ϰ ־. Ư¡ ߽ ʱ ᱳȸ Ÿ ü ˾ƺ ʿ䰡 ִ. ñ Ÿ ü κ Ư¡ ã ϴ. 1920 1950 ߽ ô ᱳȸ Ư¡ ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ ̶ ִ 3 ִ: 1) -ϰ, 2) ǿ̸, ÿ 3) . Ư¡ ʱ ѱᱳȸ Ÿ. ü 캼 ʱ ᱳȸ Ͽ Ӹ ƴ϶ ӿ Ÿ ʿ䰡 ִ.

ʱ ᱳȸ

ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ ϱ ׵ ѱ ϱ ̹ Ư ʿ䰡 ִ. ᱳȸ 19 ̱ ѱȸ ɾ 1907Ͼ ѱ ű ü ȸ ϰ ڸ Ʈ Ͽ.

ʱ ѱ ļ۵ û κ 19 ̱  κ ϰ ڵ ѱ αȸ ȸ ſ ɾ. Ǽ ֵ ( ) Ұ( ) ۿ . ó Ͽ ѱε鿡 ѱ ȸ ߽ ȸ ߽ Ͽ. ȸڵ ߽ ȸڵ ȸü ԽŰ ʿ Ǿ. ü Ȯ δ ϴ ð Ǿ ϴ ʸ ޴ DZ⵵ Ͽ. ̿ α ʱ å(׺콺) ڿ Ͼ ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ 赵 ȸ ǽ ϴ ޾Ҵ.

ᱳȸ ѱ ۵ 1907 ѱ ű  Ͼ ̾. 1907  ϴ ⵵(뼺⵵) ߽ Ǿ ѱ ȸ Ұ ϰ Ͽ. ̳ ٸ ȿ ǹ̸ ̾. ̿ ȸ ߽ ɿ ѱ ȸ ȮDZ ϸ鼭 3.1 ޷ ž, ߱, ź ǿ 1930븦 ѱȸ Ư¡ Ǿ.

ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ âϸ鼭 ̱ ȸ âڵ鿡 ޾ ƴ϶, ̹ 20 α Ǿ Ư¡ ʾҴ. ׷ ұϰ ñ α Ͽ ʱ ᱳȸ Ͽ ſ ٸ Ư¡ ۵Ǿ. ʱ ѱᱳȸ "()" Ϸ ۺ ȸڵ ߽ 濹 ϴ ȸ κ ϴ · Ÿ. ᱳȸ и ʾҴ. ʱ ᱳȸ ʴ뱳ȸ ó, ȸ ǰ 帰ٸ ڵ ΰ ̽ڿ ο޾ ڵ Ͽ ֱ Ͽ.

1933⿡ 缱ȸκ ġ ᱳȸ ѱȸ  ū ִ ҵÿ õ ȸ ֵϿ. Ư 1936 Թ Ÿ , ʱ ᱳȸ ߽̾ () ֵ Բ ַ ڵ鿡 ȸ 䱸ϰų ȸ ߴ ٽ Ÿ ϱ صǾ. ̿ ʱ ᱳȸ 19ʺ ַ ̱ θ (the Frontier) ȸ ٴ ʴ ϰ ȸڵ ȸ (Frontier Worship) ȴ. ϳ Ӱ Ư 𵨷  ȸ 谡 ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ ̶ ִ. ̹ տ 캸ҵ, ̷ Ư ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ ſ ܼϰ . ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ Ư ϸ鼭 ߿ 3 ---ϰ, ǿ̸, ÿ -- ü 캸.

1. ϰ

, ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ Թ ԰ Ͽ. ʱ ᱳȸ Ư¡ Ÿ 7 "()" Ǵ "7() (˵)" ϰ ִ. 7 8 . 5° Ͽ ΰ ϳԲ ְ ̱ ׻ ϸ ְ" Ǿ Ͽ. ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ 1936, 45, 55 {} պκп "() ()" ׸ Ͽ ȸ ϰ ϵ Ͽ. Ư ѱ ᱳȸ 1936 1945 ϸ "" ȭ̴. 1930뿡 "() () ݵ (Ԫ) ϶" Թθ ҰǾ Ե ʴ 1940뿡 ù Ǿ ݿ ̸. ̿ ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ Ǽ Ϸ ǵ ̴.

ó ʱ ᱳȸ ڵ ؼ Ͼ ִ ϳ԰ ǽϵ ̴. ׵ ù ° ǹ ŷϽð ʿ ϳ ǽϰ а δ Ͽ. ᱳȸ ġ ϰ ̻߰ ϳ ǽ ó, ׸ ʴ뱳ȸ ⵵ϸ鼭 ϳ ٸ ڱ ϳ Ͱ Ͽ. ׵ ϰ ŷϽ ϳ ϳ ǰ ÿ ϳ ־.

ʱ ᱳȸ Ǽ ϱ Թ Ѵ. ʱ ᱳȸ , , ׸ ִ ϱ Ͽ ڵ ð µ ؼ׵ ų 䱸Ͽ.

ù°, ϰ Ͽ ߿ ϴ ð ؼϴ ̴. ̷ 1936 ڵ鿡 "() ݵ () ð) ȸ()..." 䱸Ѵ. ̿ ݵ ð Ͽ ð ɰ Ģ ϴ. ʱ ᱳȸ ڵ ð ϳԿ 帮 Ͽ. ׵ Ȯ ð ϳԿ ּ غ Ǽ Ͽ.

°, ʱ ᱳȸ ϰ Ͽ ڰ غ Ͽ: "() () ݵ (Ԫ)϶." ᱳ ڼ Ѵ. Ϲ ٸ ̴ ʱ ڵ鿡Դ ŷϽ ϳ п ϰ غϴ ʼ ̾ ̴. ̷ ʱ ѱ ű " µ " غϵ ϰ ϸ ڼ ڽŵ ƴ϶ εϸ ٸ ڵ, ׸ ڵ Ͽ θ Ͽ ⵵ϱ⸦ 䱸Ͽ.

°, ʱ ᱳȸ Ư 1945 Ͽ迡 ԰ ִ ڵ鿡 Ư ȸ Ѵ: "⵵(Ԫ) () ȸ() () (Ԫ () ļ() () ȸ)϶." غ ڵ ĥ ʿ䰡 ִ. ħ ÿ ٽ ư ϴ ȸ߿ ϴ ̾ ̷ ȸ߿ ε ȸ Ͽµ ̰ ļۻ(" 迡ó Ȱ ӿ ϳ ϰ ϰ ÿ") Ÿ ־. Ǵ ļ ļ ȸ ҷ, Ƹ, Ǵ ڼ ȭϿ ĥ ־ ̴.

°, ʱ ᱳȸ 踦 żҰħ Ͽ. "() ż() ()"̱ ڴ ϴ ڿ Ͽ ϸ ߿ " "ϰų ߿ "()̳ ҿ()" ϰ . ϰ ϴ ڴ ") () () ()" Ͽ(), å(), å(), ⱳ(), ()" ϵ Ͽ. ̿ Ư ο Ͽ ̴. ð Ϳ̳ 紫 ׸ մ ൿ Ͽ. 1937 ȸ( ߾ӱȸ) ȸ Ͽ踦 Ž Ȱõ ڴ ڵ 󸶳 ϰ ϰ 帮° . Ž ڴ ð ̵ ¼Ҹ ô Ϳ Žٰ ϰ ߿伺 Ͽ. ʱ ѱ ű ̱ ȸ 翡 Բ 踦 ʾ ϰ ϱ Ͽ Ѵ ̵ غϿ.

2. ǿ

ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ 迡 䱸Ǵ ̳ õϴ Ÿ. ̷ ʱ ᱳȸ ǿ , , ׸ ÿ Ÿ.

ù°, ʱ ᱳȸ ǿ 1936 õ Ÿ: "ϳԲ ⵵(ѷԪ ŷ () ɷ() ο () ȣ() ȭ( ϱ ()Ͽ () () ݵ () ȸ()Ͽ () ϳԲ ()϶." ᱳȸ ϴ ⵵ϰ, , ް, ׸ ſ ü̴. ü  "ɷ 'ο' ޱ " ǿ ϰ Ÿ. ᱳȸ ǿ ȸڵ ڵ ο " ް Ϸ Ÿ. ׸ DZ ο ʿ ϴ ڵ鿡Դ ʼ̸ . ó Ͽ ׸ Ϸ ᱳ Ÿ.

ǿ ñ ٸ ܵ Ͱ и. , 1930 "߿() () () () () ̾ ϳԲ ()ϸ () )ϴ ̸"̶ ߽ Ѵ. α 1934 {} ڿ ȸߵ Ҿϰ ִ.

°, ʱ ᱳȸ ǿ Ư ȸڵ Ͽ 1936 "()" иϰ Ÿ. ô(1907-1920) ۵ ᱳȸ Ư ̾. ʱ ᱳȸ ȸ ֵ , ȸ, , , ׸ ̾. ̿ () ϱ ڵ 20-30 , ȭ, , ׸ ɷ Ͽ. 19 žӺκ ϳ κ--̳ غ(warming up), ȸ θ , ׸ ο ȸڵ鿡 Ȯ-- Ͽ ܰ迡 Ѵ. ̷ ´ κ̴. ʱ ᱳȸ "û ð" Ȥ " ð" ó ڰ ϱ ϰų ϴ ڵ ׸Է " ڸ" Ͽ. ڸ ڽ ˸ ġų ο ڰ ȸ̳ ϳ ε ϱ տ õ "ֵ ڸ(a mourners' bench)"̱⵵ Ͽ.

"Ӱ" Ǿ  ߽ ̾. 1936 ʱ ѱᱳȸ Ͽ ó ߴٰ 1945 ʱ ̱ , , ׸ ȸ(United Brethren) ֱ õȸ ȸ ž ̳ Ŀ û . ̿ ȸڵ Ȯϱ ǿ ȿ ϴ ߿ ̸ ̷絵 Ű ȴ. ̷ ʱ ѱᱳȸ ݰ, ġϿ. ̿ ݰ Ǵ ѱ ű ȸ ӿ ϴ 1960 ٲ ϸ鼭 ̵Ѵ.

°, ʱ ᱳȸ ǿ ڸ Ÿ. 1936 "" 1945 Ǿ 1940 ȸ Ǿ ɼ ִ. "" Ǿ 1945 Ѵ. װ ڰ ϴ "() Ȥ() ȸ() (٣) " ֵ ̴. ̰ 1936 ڵ ư û ϵ Ͱ 1945 ڽ ƴ϶ ü ϸ ϰ ϰ Ͽ ü ǥ ̲ ǵ δ. ̿ Ŀ ϴ ó 뼺⵵ ġϿ ȸ ڰ ִ ȸ Ͱ ǵ صȴ.

1936 " θ ߿ " ϴ Ͱ "() ⵵(ѷԪ)" ġ Ư ȸ ڰ ϴ ʱ ᱳȸ ٸ ǿ ̴. ô α Ÿ "ֱ⵵" ǥǾ պκп ġѴ. ̿ ֱ⵵ ȸ ֵ ѱ ȸ ̳ ִ Ǿ.

3.

ʱ ѱᱳȸ ڽŵ ǿ ȸԳ ļ ʰ ϴ ȴ. ̷ ε Ǵ ۰ Ÿ.

ù°, ʱ ᱳȸ 踦 Ӱ 1936 ᱳȸ Ÿ. ϱ " () () () () (۪)ġ ʵ ϶" Ѵ. ̿ ʱ ᱳȸ ܺ ̱ ļ Թ κ ȴ. Ͽ ΰϸ ̾ ʱ ᱳȸ ֱٿ ٽ 1996 ļ ļ ȸ ǥ ĸ ϱ Ģ ϳ Ÿ. 1936 ϰ ִ ʱ ᱳȸ ڵ ε Ŀ ȸϸ αȸ ȸó ̱ ȸ ļ ٰŷ ¥ ʿ伺 ʾ ̴.

°, ʱ ᱳȸ 踦 Ӱ žӽ ҷŰ ۿ Ÿ. տ ó, ۵ Ǵ ȸ ϴ ʱ 19 ̱ Ƽ (Frontier Worship) " ġ"(hymn sandwitch) Ǿ. ΰ ٸ հ ڿ ġϿ еǴ Ѵ. ̷ Ǵ Ӱ ſ ūҸ θ Ư¡̴. ̷ ο ڵ ΰ ģа ü ǰ Ͽ. ׵ ȸ ȸ غŰ ̴. ڵ " ߰ſ ȣ , ο ȸڵ غŰ ̳ ü Ѿ ̴.

, ߰ſ , ׸ Ǹ Ư Ͽ ᱳȸ âǴ 1907 Ϻ л̴ Ͽ 160 ) Ͽ. ʱ ѱᱳȸ 1917 Ͽ ̼(Magnificant Collection of Choicest Holiness Hymns) 100 Ͽ 161 (ʰ), 1919 ʰ 50 ߰Ͽ 211 ̸ ŵͺ(ʰ) 1934(ݥʰ) ̸ ۰ Ͽ Ͽ. ػ Բ ݥʰ 1941󰣵Ǿ.

ʱ ᱳȸ ۵ 19 Ĺ ̱ žӺ ȸ ϴ Ӹ ƴ϶ ǥ , , θ⿡ Ͽ. ᱳȸ ȸ ۵ ַ ׸ ڽ ַ ϴ´ٰ ϰ ϳ԰ տ ϴ , ׸ ڵ ҽ ϴ ̷. ذŸ̾ ݥʰ ʱ ѱᱳȸ "ʰ" ǥϿ. (α "ÿ " ǥ 1934 ĺ, ó "" ǥϿ.) ʱ ᱳȸ 1973 ӵȴ.

°, ʱ ڵ Ÿ´. ô(1907-1920) ȸ ᱳȸ ȸ ð ̻ Ͽ. ̷ 1939 {Ȱõ}() (μ)Ͼ" ۿ μ(Paul E. Haines) ʹ ûߵ ϰ Ų.

"ڨ ġ ̳ ʣֵ ̶ Ү Ѣ ܸ ӹѴٸ Ͼ ִ. ȷϾ ׵ ִ Ϳ ֳ ʿϸ ƴ ȴ. ̸ ū Ѩ ŸԵǸ ٷ ȴ.

ó ұϰ žӺ û Ͽ "ҷ" "Ƹ" Ҹ ׵ ̳ Ͽ. 1937 {Ȱõ} Ǹ "ȸ(; ᱳȸ ٽ ߾ӱȸ) ʱ()" ϸ, 4 25 ħ θ 120-30 ŵκ Ƹ Ҹ Դٰ Ѵ.



ʱ ѱᱳȸ ڵ ȸ üμ ϳԿ 踦 Բ 𿴴. ׷ ׵ ׵ Ȱϴ Բ . ׵ âֿ â ϳ ׸ ӿ ְ ڽŵ Ͻ Ͻγ Ÿ ׷ ϳ ־. ׵ ϰ 뼭ޱ , ϳ ϱ , ϰ ϱ , ׸ ȭ 鼺, ӹ, ȸ ٽ ļ۵DZ 𿴴.

ʱ ᱳε ã ̾. ׵ θ ޾Ҵ. ׵ ȴ ̳ ȸ , Ǵ ֱ Ƚ ƴϾ. ׵ Ȱ ǰ, ΰ, ް, ð ϰ, ׸ ڽ Ͽ. ڵ鿡 ڱ̸, ̸, ϸ, ħ̸, ׸ ׵ ߽ վ. ʱ ᱳȸ Ȱ ־. ׷ ڵ鿡 ϰ ˸ ݰ ϸ ׵ Ӱ ϰ ȭ״. ׵ ϳ Žϰ ȭ .

ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ и ־ Ÿ ŵξ. ׵ ȹ ο ־. տ ǿ Ǵ ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ 캸Ҵ. ̿ ʱ ᱳȸ ü ڵ εϿ. ׵ ܼ ˰ ִ ϳ ü ־. ü ϸ鼭 ڿ ȴ.

ù°, ʱ ᱳȸ " " ŷϽ ϳ ϴ ̾. ߿ ϳ ̴. Ư ᱳȸ ڵ ӿ ŷϽ ϳ ϵ غ, Ȯ ð, , ׸ ļ غ ̸ ԰ Ͽ. ȸ ʱ ȯ ӿ ʱ ᱳȸ ϰ ڵ ŷϽ ϳ տ ϵ Ͽ. ׵ ڳ εڰ ƴ϶ ϳκ Դ. ̷ ׵ ϳ Ͽٴ ̴. ϰ ù κп ϳ ڴ ׸ ϵ εȴ. ϳ ü ׸ ڰ ÿ ׸ Ȱ ʴ ο ִ.

°, ʱ ᱳȸ " " "θ ǿ Ǿ. ó ȸ Ȯ庸ٴ ׸ Ϸ и ʱ ᱳȸ ׸ ϳ θ ϰ ϴ ̴. պκп ϳ ڵ ϳ θɿ ϰ ؾ Ѵ. ̷ Ű , ᱳȸ ǿ ȸڵ Ͽ ׸ ɷ ο Ǵ ߽ θ ̶ ǥǾ. ׵ ȸڵ ȸϿ ׸ ϰ žӰ ȭ ü)ϵ Ͽ Ӹ ƴ϶, ڵ ׸ ϸ ׿ ׸ ü ( ü)ϰ Ͽ. ̷ ׸ θ ڵ Ÿ ε εȴ.

°, ʱ ᱳȸ " " ȭ Ű Ǿ. 踦 ʵ ϴ ſ ߿ϴ. ʱ ᱳȸ ʴ ⵶ ó ӿ ü ο ϴ ΰϿ. ׵ ǽ Ѿ ġ, ȸϴ ٴ Ͽ. ׵ ׻ ̸ ڽŵ ǥ ǿ ʰ ׻ ο " ϴ ǰ Ͽ ü ϰ Ͽ. ̼ κ ־ ϰ ϱ ϳ dz ѱ Ͽ شȭϿ 踦 dzϰ Ͽ.

׷ ʱ ѱ ᱳȸ Ͽ ɽ ؾ ִ. 1920-50 Ȳ ʱ ѱᱳȸ ǿ Ư ߽ ȸڵ ׵ и ȿ ־. ׷ ó ϴ ٶ . ٸ " ϴ°?" ƴ϶, " Ÿ°?"̴. ƴ϶, ׵ Ͽ ׸ ȿ Ͻ ϳ ϴ ׸ ߽̾ Ѵ. ׷Ƿ ڵ鿡 Ǵ ׵ ƴ϶, ׵鿡 ̴. ׷ ٽ Ư ׵ ׸ ϳ԰ ΰ Ͽ ȸڸ ǵ Ǵ ̴. ֵ Ǿ ȸ ܼ Ǹ ȴ. ϳ Ͻ Ϸ ȸ ޵ ִ. ̰ Ư ʱ ᱳȸ ̾ ᱳȸ ؾ ̴.