ѱ ȸŰ ɿ

- ſ -

( Ŵ )

I.  :

ѱ ȸ ׵ Ͽ. ̴ ϳ ̴ູ. ׷ 2 21⿡ ÿ ־ ִ е ѱ ȸ Ѵ.

ѱȸ ٴ ̴. (nominal Christian) . ѱ ȸ ο Ѵ. ϵ ȸ и ʷϱ ̴.

׷ ϸ, ѱ ȸ Ҿ Ű ϰ ϴ  Ͼ ִ. ׸Ͽ ȸ Դ. ̴. ׷ ̵ , Ǵ ϳ ׿ ŷ Ȱ ȸ ִ ϴ. Ȱ ̿ȭ ̰ ֱ ̴.

̺ȭ ȸ ȭ ʷϱ⵵ Ѵ. ִ ȸ ȸ ִ ϴ ϸ, ٸ ȸ ֵ ȸ ϱ⿡, ġʴ ȭ ϰ ִ.

ѱȸ ٰ , ѱ ȸ ִ. 10 ϰ, ıǰ, ƴ ư ϰ ִ. ȸ ڰ ִ , ѱ ȸ Ÿϰ ִµ ѱ ȸ Ͽ° ´. ȸ ִ.

׷ ϸ ֱٿ ѱ ȸ ҵǰ ִٴ ִ. ѱȸ 60 41.2%, 70 12.5%, 80 4.4%, 90 3%̸ ϰ ִ. ٸ ϸ, 1991 α ü α 18.6% ߾µ 1994 18.2% 0.4% Ҹ ̰ ִ.

׺ٵ ȸ ü Ÿߴٴ ʴ°? ȸġ л Ϲ ȸ ġ ٴ ִ. ȸ ġ Ǵ ȸ п ʷϰ ϱ⿡ ȸ Ͽ ʴ°?

׷ ϸ, ѱ Ȱ ȸ Ȱ ݸǾ ִٴ ϳ ̴. ѱ ݸ ϳ й ǰ ִٴ ̾. ׷ ڵ ȸ ž Ȱ Ǿ ʴٴ ̴. ûǴ ž Ȱ Ǵ й̶ Ѵ.

ѱȸ Ӱ Ͻô ûǴµ, ٶ  ΰ? °ϰ ϴ 18 ־ а  ϰ Ǿ.  ̱ , Į (Carl Henry) ߵ ٴ ȸ翡 ȸ ǰ ֱ ̴. ̴ ϱ⸦  ӿ Ӱ ϴ ִ ̴ٶ ϸ鼭 ̾ Ͽ ϳ Ǵ ݰ ϰ ϻ Ȱ ü ˰ ϴ ٰ̾ Ͽ.

ٸ , ѱ ȸ 18 л ϴٰ ֱ ̴. ѱ ȸ ȸ Ͽ 18 ȸ ߾. ġ, , ׸ ȸ ϰ ־. ̿ Ҷ ׷. ׷⿡ ̿ Ҷ Ǻ񸰳 Ͼ. ׷ ׷ Ͼ ʰ, ο ٸ ־.  ̾. ߸ 18 ߴ ȸ Ӱ Ӹ ƴ϶ ȸ Ų ڿ ڿ.

׷, ڴ , ſ Ư¡ ϰ ѱ ȸ , ѱ ȸ ɿ Ѵ. ׷ Ȱ  Ư¡ ΰ?

II. 𵨷μ  Ư¡

2.1. ȸ ϴ

1738 ôƮ ߰ſ žü ϳ Ͽ ٰ ϸ鼭 ȸ翡 ƴ϶ ãư Ͽ. 1738 ķκ 51 (ة߾) 25 ̳ ̸, Ϸ翡 90Ͼ ϸ Ͽ. 42õ 4 ߴٰ Ѵ. ̴ ؿ 800 ȴ. ڽ ڿ. ̷ Ѿ Ϸ ̱ ܱα .

׸ (theme) ̾. ִ ϰ ̾. Ͽ. ̵鿡 ϳ ħμ , ִ ߿ Ҹ ָ ־.

׸Ͽ, ڵ(Nominal Christians), õ ִ ڵ鿡 ȸϰ ŵ쳪 Ѵٰ ƴ. ̷  ȸ ̼ǿ ڿŷп ִ Ȳ װϿ õϴ ̾.

Կ ־ ڽ μ ڱ ڽ δ ڱ Ͽ ƹ ϵ ڶ ޾Ҵ. ΰ ˸ ɰ ڿ ƶ Ѵ.

׿ ϸ ƴ ϳԲ Ҽ ϳԲκ ߰ ߴ. ΰ ̼ еǾ, ϳԲ ΰ ڱ ڱ ġǾ.

׷Ƿ ΰ ߰, ڽ Ǿٰ Ҵ. ' ڽ'̶ å ϴ ̴. "ƴ ˷ Ͽ å Ǿٴ ." ׷Ƿ, Ƶ ˸ ̸, , ׸ ٸ ۿ . ״ ϱ⸦, "̰ ̹ ϴ ù ٰ(the first ground) Ѵ. ׸ (grace healed eyes) ˷ , ̹ΰ ڿ ĺġ ϴ μ, ̹ε ڱ и Ѵٰ ߴ. ׷⿡ ̿並 ϴ ̴. Ϻο ΰ Ѵ Ͽ װ ġ ̴, κ ̴ ϴ ùٷ ̴.

ڵ ϸ鼭, ˸ ϴ Į (very edge of Calvinism) ̸ٰ ߴ. ̰ ִٸ, ϳԲ Ͻô(how to operate) ӸĮ ϳ (a hair's breadth difference) ̶ ߴ. ⿡ Ѱ Ư¡ ߰ϰ ȴ.

׷ ϳ Ҵ°? ߴ. ׷Ƿ Ǿ ִ. ħ(the whole council of God)' ϱ ؼ, ϳ ֱǰ ΰ åӰ и ־ Ѵ. ̷ û ̶ ϸ ÿ ϳ Ͽ. ϳԲ ׸ Ͽ ֽô ϳ ϸ ÿ ȣ(ȸ ) ȣϿ.

̷ , ûߵ Ͽ ȸϰ ŵ쳪 Ѵٰ ƴ ̴. á ϳ ȸϰ (16:15) ( 190ȸ) ߴ. ܸ .

Ƿ Ƿ п մϴ. ŵ鵵 ŵ쳪 մϴ. ŵ ŵ쳪 ʰ ϳ ϴ. ʿ ؼ ŵ쳵ٰ ϴ ̸ ̻ ʽÿ? ŵ ŵ쳪 մϴ.

1725 ʱ ȸ ƴߴ. ̹ ˰ ׵ ȸ ʿ ٷ Ͽ ̴. ׷ 1738 ó ׸ Ǿ, ϳ ȸϰ ̾. ׷ ϳ ó Ͽ, ߵ ΰ Ͽ ̾Ͼ ޴´ٰ Ͽٰ Ѵ.

̷ ȸ ϴ ̸, ڵ Ӱ ŵ쳲 ȸ ۵Ǵ ̴.

2.2. ϴ ſ.

2.2.1. ־ ȭ ϴ.

ڵ ŵ쳭 , ȿ Ͽ ϸ, ū ȭ ȭ ޾ƾ Ѵٰ ߴ.

ϴ (faith working through love)̶ Ѵٰ ϸ鼭, Ȱ ȭ, ư ȸ ȸ ŷϰ ϴ ߴ. ij ޽ ߽ (Scriptural Holiness)̾. ״ ϳԲ ޼ҵƮ οϽ Ŵ Ź (the grand dipositum)μ, ϳԲ ϱ Ͽ ޼ҵƮ Ű ̶ ٴϸ ƴ.

̷ ڵ鿡 Ȱ¼Ҹ Ҿ ִ  ̾. ̷ , ϴ , 18 ȸ Ͽ Ͽ. ׸ 19 ̱ -  ٽ ұ ״. ̱  Ҽ Ǵ ǥϰ, ڵ鿡 ߴ.

׷  ( ) ȸ ſ Ư Ͽ° ϱ Ͽ Ư¡ ϰ Ѿ ϰڴ. Ѵ.

ŵŵ ϴ ΰ ƴ. ٷ. . . Ͽ ̱(heathens), ׸ (nominal Christians) еȴ. ϴ Ѵ. ֿ ȸ(Repentance), (faith), (holiness) ̴. ȸ ġ ٸ , ü ̴. . . ü Ͽ ϳ ϰ ̿ ϴ ̴.

ƴ ڵ п (Justification by faith) Ͽ. ̴ ߰̿ ߿ ̴. ׷, ȸ ϴ (Antinomianism) ̸ ־, ڵ ޾Ҵٴ ο Ȱ ȸȭ ѽϴ Ҵ. ̰ Ȱ ̿ ʷϰ, ȸ и ߽״. ̿ Ͽ ϴ ϳ ǷӰ Ͻ ƴ϶, ڸ Ӱ ϴ Ѵٰ ϸ鼭, Ư ȭ(Sanctification) Ͽ ̴.

2.2.2. ȭ

׷ ȭ ̷°? ȭ() Ͽ, ù° θ ī縯 ϸ鼭, ̴ ο ƴ϶, ϳ Ͽ ̾Ͼ ̷ ̶ Ѵ.

ٸ ĵ źڵμ ŵ쳪 ȭǾ ̻ Ͽ. ̿ ݷ ϸ鼭, ġ ̰ ϴ ó ŵ쳭 ڰ ϴ ̶ Ͽ. ΰ ŵ쳭 Ŀ ȿ ˰ ִٰ ̴. ̷ Įڵ ȭ ϰ ִ. ׷ ״ ű⿡ ӹ ʾҴ. ״ ȭ ϴ , (instantaneous element) յǾ Ѵ.

ȭ Ż ܰ谡 ִٰ ȭ ΰ Ǵ ƴ϶, ϳ ̷ ̶ Ͽ ̴. ׷鼭 ״ ŵ쳭 ڰ ȭ , ڰ ڱ ȿ ִ ˿ (impotence) ȸϰ ׿ ޴ ȭ ִٰ Ѵ. ׷⿡ ڴ (here and now) Ͽ Ѵٰ Ѵ. ̷ ڰ Ǹ ˸ ֱ⿡ ȸ ʿġ ϴ ڵ鿡Դ ū ƴ .

ڰ ȭ() ܰ迡 ˿ Ӿƴ϶ θɿ ϱ⿡ մ ɷ ޴´ٰ Ѵ. ׷Ƿ ̸ ̶ θ⵵ Ͽ. ȭ Ǵ ϴ ö ƴ϶, ̸ ϴ ̻ ϴ ƴϴ. ȭ ̷ ̶ ϴ´. а ٸ

׷⿡ ϴ Ÿ ΰ ϰ ִ ΰ (infirmities) , Ǽ ִ ɼ κ ϴ ƴϴ. ȭ ڵ Ǽ , ( ) (involuntary transgression of the perfect law of God, known or unknown) ִ. ޸ ǥϿ, ΰ ϰ ִ (infirmities) ü ˷ , ڰ ִ ׷ Ͽ Ǽ ˸ ٰ Ѵ. ϱ Ͽ ڵ ȸ Ȱ Ͽ Ѵ. ׸ Ͽ ϱ ̴.

ȸ ϰ ִ.

Ͽ... ˸ ģ Ͻ Ͽ ÿ! ״ ׻ ȿִ Ͽ Կ Ͻʴϴ. ̸Ͽ ǷӴ ¿ ӹ ˴ϴ. . . ׷ ̷ մϴ.

ֿ, Դ ΰ ʿմϴ.

׷ Ȯ Ĩϴ.

ֿ, Դ ΰ ȿ˴ϴ.

ֿ , ׸ ߺ ̾Ͼ ο , ٷ ̾Ͼ ӹ ִ ׸ ɷ ϴ. . . . Ȱ ֽϴ.

ϴ ǻ ϴ ڿ ȿ Ǵ ׸ ȿ ϸ鼭, ϳ dz ̴. ׸ ߽ ̴. ׸ ޾ ư Ű ̴.

2.2.3. ȭ -

ȭ ϳ԰ Ѵ. ׷ ' ' Ǵ ' ' ϴ ϴٰ Ҵ. ̶ ϸ鼭 ÿ ϴ ̴. ϴ ұ ǹ̿ ٷ ߹ϸ, ǹ̿ ä ൿ Ͽ ϰ Ѵ.

׷Ƿ ȭ ƴϴ. ߴ ΰ (ȸ ) ӵǸ ϴ ̴. (perfect love) Ͽ ϳ ϰ ̿ ϴ ̴. ׷ ߿, ϴ ȭ ִ տ ⵵ϸ鼭 ɾ ִ ƴ϶ Ȱ Ȱ ִ ̴.

, 19 ̱ ɿ  Ÿ鼭 ȭ ü ϴ , ȭ ߿伺 ȭŲ ߸̴. ȭ ־ ̴.

2.2.4. ȭ Ȧƽ ٰ

ȭ ѱ Ϲ Ǵ̿, ڵ ȸ ʿ䰡 ϴ Ͱ ָϿ Ѵ. ڵ Ǵ ް ϴ ƴ϶, ׿ ռ ȿ ִ ˸ ȸϰ ޾ƾ Ѵٰ Ѵ.

ٸ ,  Ȱ, ȸ ſ Ÿ. Ѵ.

׸ ܼ ϴ ƴ϶ ȸ (social religion) ǹѴ. ܼ (mere holiness) ȸ (social holiness) ̴. ̿ ׸ ̿ ̴ ٷ ' ϴ ' ̴. . . . ǿ ־, ڱ ϵ, θ ƴ϶ ׸ ϼ̵ ϴ ڴ ' ' ƴ . ȥ Ͽ 翪ϰ Բ ־ ֱ⸦ ̴.... ׸Ͽ ״ ȸ , ִ ׷, Ϸ ̴.

̿ ൿ ̿ Ÿ ̴. ൿ ̾ Ѿ ̴. ϳ (comprehensive love)̴. ׷Ƿ ޼ҵƮ ù° Ͽ ϸ Ͽ Ѵٰ Ͽ. ׸Ͽ ȸ Ѵ.

2.3. ȸ ൿ

޽ ٰ Ȱ ó μ ൿ ȸ Ͽ.

ȸ 3 ŵ д ȸ, , Ȱ ϰ Ͽ. ׷Ƿ Ȱ ȸ ϴ ̾. ũٸƮ , ־ ̴. ε ϳ ŵ쳪 Ǿ ǹִ ȸ Ȱ ϰ ƴ϶, ׵ ִ ȸ ü ȭŰ Ȱ εϴ ̾. ׷ ޼Ʈ ȸ ͵ ̾°?

2.3.1. ȸ ȣ, λ

ֵ ż Ŭ Ȱ ȸ ڽŵ Ȱ ƴ϶ ڼ ߴ. ׵ Ϲ ȸ ϰ ִ , ȸ(bribery) Ϸ ߴ. ȸ ϰ ִ м, , Ͽ Ͽ. ȸ ſ и ϰ .

޼ҵƮ ȸ ãư 翪Ͽ. ׸ 1778 ȸ(Annual Conference) ڵ ɹ(Prison ministry) ǹȭϵ DZ Ͽ. ȸ ڼ ӹ ƴϰ, λ (development) ƴ. ׸Ͽ , б, Ƿ, , ƿ ġ Ͽ.

2.3.2. ȸ ġ

Ȱ ġ Ͽ. , Ǵ ڵ Ͽ ׺ϱ⸦ ʾҴ. ſ и Ͽ ϸ Ÿ ȣϴ ϱ⵵ ߴ. Ư ǰ ־ 뿹Ÿ(the slave trade) 1897⿡ Ǵ. Ͽ ߴ ̴.

1774⿡ 뿹Ÿſ Ͽ(thoughts upon slavery) åڴ ϴ. ۿ ¿ Ÿڵ ΰ ϴ ÿ, 뿹ŸŸ ȭ Ű ִ ͷ ݹߴ. ׸ 뿹Ÿſ ϴ ڵ鿡Դ ä, 罽̳ ΰ ٷ, ģؾ Ѵٰ ߴ. ٵ ׵ ϳ Ƿο ηϴ ˷κ ȣߴ. ̷ åڷ, , Ǵ Ǿ. ̷ ġ鿡 ȣϿ. ̷ ħ 1789 ̱ ȸ ȸ ϰ Ͽ.

ϰ ҰŴϿ  Ȧƽ (holistic) ̾. Ư ׸ Ķ Ͽ, ֱ ϰ ȸ ϴ ū ȿ ´ٴ ū ǰ ִ ϰڴ.

2.4. ǥ ɷ

ü Ͽ ߰ ˸ ݰ Ͽ ŵ쳪 ϸ ƴ϶ ϸ δ ǥ ϴ ȮϿ ִ ̾.

2.41. Ÿ

״ ݵǴ üߴ. ־, ͽ ġϴ , ǥ üߴ. ׷ δ ߿ܿ 2000 ̻ ε տ Ÿ. , ʴ뱳ȸ Ӹ ƴ϶ ϳ Ǵ Ÿ ̾. ̿ Ŵ Ǵ ̷.

׷, ȸ ڵκ ޾Ҵ. δ ׵κ ڶ ޾Ҵ. ֳϸ ȸ ų ʾұ ̴.

ڿ θ Ʋ(Bishop Butler)

ȸ ϰ, ׷ ׵ ⵵Ѵٰ µ ... (extraordinary)ó ִ ó ϴ , ̴. " ߴ. ̷ ݴڴ Ʋ ƴϾ. ġʵ ǹ Ͽ ڵ , ̶ ߴ.

ȿ ϸ, Ÿ Ѵٰ Ѵٴ, Ǵ ɿ Ͽ ⵵ϰ Ѵٰ ϴ () ϴ ε, ̷ ô ʴ뱳ȸ ̴. ) ׷ Ͼ ó ϴ ̸, ̴ ڵ ̴.

Ÿ̾ǿ ϸ, ̷ ݴ (Bishop Gibson), ͹ư (Bishop Warburton) ڵ ׸ ҽϴ Ϲ ڵκ͵ ־.

2.4.2. ϴ ڵ鿡

׷ ӿ ̷ Ͽ ڵ ǵ ϸ ڱⰡ ϰ ִ Ͽ Ͽ ȣߴ. ϰ ϴ ȸ ڵ鿡 ڱ Ͽ.

ݵ Ǵ ĵǸ, ϳԲ ִٸ, Ÿٰ ϴ´. ׷ ʴ뱳ȸ, ô뿡 ߴٴ Ѵ. ׷ ׷ 絵ô뿡 ƴϴ. ׷ Ÿ ʴ ȸ ܽƾ ô뿡 鼭 Ǿ žӿ ȭ Ա ̴. ̷ ǰ ȸ ° ӿ Ӱ ž Ȱ ϰ ϱ Ͻ ƴϴ.

׷鼭, 񳭰 ұϰ, (Inspiration) (Witness) ʿ ̸ ׻ ִ ̶ ߴ. ̷ Ŵ ϸ ̸ ν ֵ ü Ǵ ̷ε, پϰ Ÿ ̴. ڿ ϴ , ڽ ϽŴ. ɷ, , ʰ ϽŴ. ̷ δ Ѵ.

ʴ뱳ȸ ־, ɷ ĵǸ ִ , ݵ Ÿٰ Ͼ. Ѵ. Ͽ ڽ Ͻð Ͻÿ. ź Ͻø, Ͻ ̴.

̿ ž 19 ̱ ־ -  Ȱϰ Ÿ, ֱٿ 躹ȭ ܿ ޾Ƹġ . ܿ ׸ (The Whole Gospel) Ѵ. ׸ ϳ ǹϸ, ̴ źԼ ع, ϳ ɷ Ÿ κγ ϴ ̱ ̴.

̾ ϱ⸦ ߿ , ̷ ϳԲ ̳ ϴ Ѵ. ڰ ̶, ڴ (accidental) ǥ پϴ. ǹ ̴. ׸ ϳԲκ ̶ Ѵ. ׷ , ְ ؾ ȴٰ ϸ鼭 ٰŴ ̴. ׷.... Ͽ ־, װ ū ̵ ̵, Ͽ. ڵ ϱ⿡ ̸.

2.4.3. ڵ鿡

ڵ Ÿ ǥ ġϿ, (ȸ⼮, ϴ , а ϴ ϵ) ߴ. δ Խ ̷ٰ ϸ (Quietism) . ̿ ̶ ŵϸ鼭 ׵ ׸ ϸ鼭 Ϸ ߴ. δ Ͼ ұ ̴.

ε ϸ, ٸ Ǹ Ǹ ð̿ ʵ ϴ Ͽ ְ ξ⿡, ִ. Ư (extraordinary gifts ) Ϲ (ordinary fruits) Ͽ ϸ鼭, Ϲ Ÿ ߿ϰ . ϸ Ư ϴ ɷ, , к ɷ, ϴ ɷ° 뿪ϴ ɷ (12:9-10) ϸ, ̷ Ϻ ֽô ̿ ƴϴ. ׷, Ϲ Ŵ ڿ ʼ ̴. ̴ Ǹ Ͽ ֽô ̴. ̴ ڵ鿡 ׸ ̿, ȭ Ҹ γ ϴ ߿ ׸ ϱ ̴.

׷⿡ 19 ̱ ɿ Ư ȸ ʾҴ.

2.5. ȸ ȿ ִ ȸ (ecclesiolae)  ȸ

2.51. Ÿ ȸ ȿ ȸ

Ư ۺ ȸٰ Ѵ. ϸ Ÿ ȸ ž ε ȸϰ ŵ쳯 ƴ϶, Ȯ ־. ׵鿡Դ ϳ Ǿ, ׵ ϳ ƴ϶ ̿ ϵ θ ƴ϶ Ƿ ̴. 翪ڴ . ׷ ѷ, ٽ ź(the mystery of iniquity) Ͽ ȸ Ÿߴٰ Ѵ.

ذ ظ ġ Ͽ. ׷ ̿, Ű հ γϴ Ѹ ū Ÿ ȸ ް Ǵµ, װ 4 Ī ׸̶ ϴ ܽźƾ Ȳ Ͽ ׸ε, Ư ڵ αͿ ȭ . . . . ׿ , ׸ ϴ α ȭ , ׸ε Ÿϰ .

ӿ ִ ȸ ̴ Ÿ ȸ ̴. 18 ȸ ŸϿٰ Ҵ. ׷ ̰ Ÿ ȸ ȸ ǥ, ϳ , ְ, ִٸ ȸ Ҵ. ǹ̿ ȸ ȸ ̴. ȸ ̿ ϰ .

ϸ ȸ Ӹ̽ ŷϽø, ȸ Ű Ǿ ֱ ŷ ȸ̴. ̰ ȸ ŷ̴ (given holiness). ׷Ƿ ġ ڰ ߴ (Gods ordinance) ȿ ƴϴ. ( ) ڽ ϳԲ ̷ ̾Ͼ Ǵ ġ Ŵٰ Ͽ.

׷ ϸ ڵ ӿ ȣǴ ְ ʴ´ٸ ȸ ŷ ȸ ƴϴ. ׷Ƿ ڴ Ͻô ϳ ڷμ ȸ ŷ ȸ ǵ ϴ å ִٰ Ѵ. ̷ ٷ ޼ҵƮ ׷쿡 ִٰ ̴. ״ ޼ҵƮ ȸ ȿ ִ ȸ(ecclesiolae in ecclesia) θ ̴.

޼ҵƮ ϳ Ʒ ū ȸ ȿ ( a leaven of holiness) ϱ Ͽ Ƿ ׷μ, δ ȸ ۿ ִ ȸ Ȱ εϴ ϰ, 볻δ ȸ Ӱ ϸ ϴ Ͽ. ̴ ޼ҵƮ ſ Ͽ ϱ⸦ ޼ҵ ſ̾. Ͽ ϳ Ǵ ݰ ϰ ϻ Ȱ ü ˰ ϴ ̾. ׷Ƿ  ӿ Ӱ ϴ ִ ̴ٶ Ͽ. ޼ҵƮ ϱ Ͽ ڵ Ʒߴ.

2.5.2. Ʒ

޼ҵƮ ϱ Ͽ ŵ Ʒý ȿ ϰ Ͽ.

ڵ ϳ ̴. ׷ ȸ Ȱ ŭ Ȱ ڴ . ڸ Ʒýų ƴ϶ ׵ Ͽ.

׷ Ͽ ڵ ϳ ȸ (the class meeting) 12-13, ȿ ϴ (Band) 6 , ׸ Ư ŵȸ (the selected society) ؼ Ư ٽ ڵ ׷캰 Ʒ ް Ͽ. Ư ŵȸ ȸ ڿ Ѵٴ Բ ñ鼭 ž Ʒ ް ŵ ڷμ å Ͽ.

ŵ ׿ ƴ϶, ׵ ƷϿ. ŵ ڵ Ͽ ö ž ־ ̰ŴϿ װ ϱ Ͽ Ϸ翡 5ð װ, 1Ͽ 2ȸ ̻ ϰ Ͽ. ׷ ޼ҵƮ 10 ŵ ڷ ִ ϲ 1 ̳ Ǿٴ ̴. ߿ ڵ鵵 ־.

̿ ŵ Ʒ(spiritual formation) Ͽ ϳ ϰ ϴ  ȸ Ӱ ƴ϶ ȸ ˽Ű ߴ ̴.

2.5.2. ī Ͱ ȸ

޼ҵƮ ϳ eccelesiolae ϳ ߿ ǹ̰ ִ. ڱ ū ȸ ȿ ִ ڵ ( ȸ)μ, ޼ҵƮ ڽŵ鸸 Ͽ и İ Ǵ ġ ʾҴ. ׵ ü ȸ ϰ ϰ Ӱ ϱ Ѵٰ Ͼ. ٸ ǥ, ̾ ū ȸ ȿ ȸ Ϸ , ȸ ӵ ׷ ߴ.

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׷Ƿ, ȸ Ͽ ־, ī̸鼭 ظ ̴. ȸ ϳ ũ Ͽ , ū κ ׾ ο , ȸ κ Ÿ ȿ Ӱ ھ ſ ־, ȸ ȸμ ӵǴ ߴ ̴. ̷ ſ ȸ ſ ȣ ̿ Ѵٴ ̴.

2.6. ü ߰ſ Ȱ

2.6.1. ߰ſ ü

Ű , 18 ϱ⸦, 16 ٵ Ȱ ϰ Ǽ ƴ϶, Ӱ ϴ ̷ٰ Ͽ. ׷ ׷ 𿡼 ΰ? ü ɷ ִ Ѵ. ޽ ־ ̴. ׷ ٸ ̷  ̰߰ ߴ ôƮ ü Դٴ ؼ ȵȴ.

ָ , Ȱ ôƮ ü ƴٴ ڸϴ. ׶ θ ϰ ִ ׸ ü Ͽ Ȯϰ Ǿ. ڽ ȮŰ ׷ Ͽ . ̷ ü Ͽ, Ǿ ƴ϶, ϳ ϰ Ǿ. ŸŰ ̷ Ű ž Ȱ ɷ° ο ̴. ׸Ͽ Ծ Ǿ . Ŵ ൿ(ȸ ) ׸ ɷ ̴.

2.6.2. Ʒ

׷ ɷ ִ ڿ ö ǻȰ ־. ״ ڱ⸦ ϰ ڰ ִ ϳ ûⰡ DZ Ͽ ϰ ִ԰ ȸ Ȱϸ ϳ ֽ Ѵ Ȱ Ͽ.

״ Ϸ縦 ϰ ߴ. ״ ϳ ϰ, ϳ ٴ Ϸ縦 Ҵ. ħ 4:30 5 Ͽ. 50 Ͽ. ״ ݽ ֱ Ͽ. ʴ뱳ȸ ϰ ݿϿ ݽ Ͽ.

ÿ ״ å (homo unis libri) ̾. װ ٸ å ʾҴٴ ƴϴ. ״ ߴ. ״ ׷ ұϰ, ִ ְ ̴. ׷⿡ ״ ð ϰ о. ׸ Ͽ. װ ڱ ž Ͽ. ׸ ű ּ Ͽ.

III. ѱ ȸ Ͽ ɿ

ؾ , ȸ Ͽ ̷ٴ ̴. ȸ ȿ ̷ ϳ ֽô Ͽ ̷. ׷ Ͽ ϰڴĸ ̴.

׷  Ư¡ ѱ ȸ Ͽ ֿ ϱ?

3.1. ȸ Ͽ Ѵ.

ù°, ȸ ޽ Ͽ Ѵ.  ׷ ˸ ȸϰ ޽ иϸ, ޽ ߽ Ǿ Ѵ. ɲ Ͻô ù° ٷ ˿ Ͽ, ǿ Ͽ, ǿ Ͽ åϴ ̴.

ó ׷ Ͽ, ȸ Ű , װ ߰ſ ü Ŀ, ޽ ׸ ߽ Ǿ ȸ ȥ ޾Ҵٴ ̾߱ ٷ ū شٰ Ѵ.

ѱ ȸ Ǿ, 1907  ٷ ȸ ƴϾ. ̰ ޽ ǰ, ޽ ⺹žӿ ٰϰų, ȭ , ȸ ̴.

, ѱ ȸ ޽ ϸ, ٽ Ҵ ƴѰ ݼ . ׷ٸ ڵ Ȱ dzο žӿ ڿ ҵǴ ƴϰڴ°.

ٸ , 2,3 ε θ ȸ Ѵ. ׷ ׵鿡 ˸ ȸϰ ָ ϴ ž ü ٸ, ׵ ׸(Nominal Christian) ̴. ׷ ϸ, ٷ Ư ž Ȯ ȸ ̶ óϴ . Ǵ ȸ ϳ ſ(credit) DZ ̴. ׸Ͽ ȸ (Nominal Christian) ڰ ִ ̴.

̰ 18 ȸ ҵ, ȸ ε ä, ƴ϶, Ѵ. ȸ ڿ Ѵ. ¿ ѱ ȸ 1970, 80 Ŀ Ͼ ѱ ȸ ħü ٷ Դٰ Ǵٰ ȴ.

׷, ȸ Ͽ Ѵٴ ٰ ̴. ΰ Ÿ ̿, ΰ δ , ϳ θ , ٽ ؼ, ˸ ȸϰ ŵ쳪 Ѵٴ ׸ ϼ ϴ п ٰϴ ̴.

׸ ϼ Ȯ ̸, ȸ ȭǴ ̴.

ϴ ȸ ŵ쳪 Ͽ ƴ϶, ȸ Ѵ. ڰ Ŀ δ ȸϿ Ѵ. ϸ, Ŀ ȸ ׸μ Ȱ ܰ迡 ʿϴ. ׷ տ ָ ޸ ̴. ׷Ƿ ϳ Ͽ ȸ ʿ ó, ȿ ӹ ϱ ؼ ȸ ʿ ̴. ڴ, ϳ ڳ ȴٰ ص ˿ å ְ ̶ ϴ νϿ Ѵ. ̶ Ѵ. ׷ ִ Ͻ ϳ ϱ Ͽ ȸؾ Ѵٰ ϴ ̴.

, ȿ ִ ˿ Ͽ ȸ ߵ, ŵ쳭 ڰ ) ޾, ȿ ñ , ڸ, ̱, ϳ ڱ ̰ ϴ (inward sin) ִٴ ̴. ׷⿡ ڵ Ͽ Ͽ ̷ ˸ ȸϰ ޾ƾ Ѵٰ ̴. ̸ ȸ Ͽ ŵ쳪 ȸ Ͽ.

ѱ ȸ Ϻο ڰ Ǹ ˸ õ ٰ ϸ ڴ ȸ ʿġ ʴٰ ϴ ٷ 18 ба Ͽ, ε žӰ ̿ȭϴ ְ ִٰ Ѵ. Ͽٴ ٷ ̷ ϴ ū ̾ ̴. ̴ ٷ ѱ ȸ Ͽ Ǿ ̶ Ѵ.

19 ̱ -  ȭ ǥϿ. ѱ ȸ Ͽ Ͽ Ѵ. ɷ ޴´ٰ Ѵ. ׷ ɷ ޴ ̳, ÿ ұ ˿ Ѵ. Ǵ(Power) ƴ϶, ɷ(holiness and power) ̴. ϸ ־. 絵̳ ̹οԵ ־ Ͻð ׵ ϻ ׵̳ ƴ ϼ̴϶ ϰ ִ.

־ ظ ޸ϴ İ ִ ȴ. ׷, ڰ ڽ ˸ ȸ ʰ ɷ¸ , Ƿ ִ. ѱ ȸ ϰ ڵ ε ϴ ϳ ִ 𸥴. ϴ ޽ ִ ũٰ .

3.2. Ȱ Ͽ Ѵ.

°, ִ ߿ Ȱ ̴. ߵ, ŵ쳲 ƴ϶, ȿ ִ ˿ ޾ ȸϰ ׸ ƴ϶, ο Ͽ ϵ Ͽ Ѵ.

Ϻο ġ , ΰ ֱ⿡ ۿ ٰ üϰų, Ǵ ׷ϱ ڴ ˸ (Ǿ⿡) õ ٰ ϴ ٿ ʴ´. , ġ, ϳ Ͻ ִٰ ϴ , ȸ ϸ , ο ְ ̴. ŷϰ ϴ (ȭ) ٷ ȸ Ӱ ϴ ̴.

׷ Ͽ, װ ϴ ΰ (infirmities) ǹ ʴ´. ׷⿡ ڱ⵵ 𸣴 ϳ ϰ ȴ. ׷ (sins unintentionally committed) ڵ ˸ Ͽ ֽÿɼҼϰ ⵵Ͽ ϸ, , ֿ, Դ θ ʿ մϴ ȸϴ Ȱ ؾ ϴ ̴. ׸ ϴ ̴. ̿ ׸ ϰ ϴ Ȱ Ǵ ̴.

ȭ ߴ. װ ϴ ̶ , Ѵ. ̴ ˸ Ѵ ̸, ȥ ü ְϰ ä Ͽ ϵ ɷ ϴ ̴. ̷  Ȧƽ ̾ ȴ. ٰŸ ϱ ̴.

տ ѱ ȸ Կ ־, ̿, ׷ ϸ ٸ ȸ ȭ ̷ ѹ ִ. ־ , ȸ ϰ (̰̳ ̳(either/ or) ) νϸ, ݵ (principle of reaction) ȭ Ÿ ۿ ̴. ֱ ѱ ȸ ݼϸ鼭, ȸ ο ɰ δ ȸ . ̴ ݷҸ ̴. ׷ , 20 ̱ȸ ׷ Ǿ ѱ ȸ ȸ  , ħ ̳ ϴ ٵ ʾ ִ.

־,   , ׷ ̿ȭ Ȳ Ͼ ʴ´. ϳ ȸ ڿ ü (holistic) ȸ ϰ DZ ̴.  ְ ִ ̴.

3.3. ƴ϶ Ǵ ŵǾ Ѵ.

°, Ͽ Ͽ, Ÿ ʾҴ. ׸ Ÿ, ִ Ÿ Ͽ, ִ Ǽ Ÿ ϱ ̴. ֳϸ, ְڿ ¿ ϴ ο , ȸɿ , ׸ ϱ ̴.

ߵ õ 絵ô뿡 Ÿ Ÿ Ͼ Ѵ. ߵ, Ͻô â Ǵ ̴. , ϴ ȸǸ ϸ, ⵵Ͽ, ź ο򿡼 ¸ ˾ƾ Ѵ.

ʴ ȸ ׷ ϴ ȸ ϴ ȮǴ Ͽ Ѵ. Ͼ , Ŀ ް ִ , ֿ ׵ ÿɰ Ͽ ϳ ϰ Ͽ ֽÿ, о Ͻÿɰ ǥ ŷ ̸ ̷ ϿɼҼ ϰ ⵵Ͽ ȴ.

׷, ׸ ׸ ɷ ŵ , 츮 Ŵ ϴ ̴. ׷Ƿ ڸϿ Ϸ ߴ Ͱ Ϸ ߴ ȸϿ Ѵ. δ ٽϰ ʰ Ҹ , ɷ° Ȯ ϵ Ͽ ̴.

׷ٰ кϰ 䱸ϰų, ׷ ȸ ϶ ƴϴ. ׷ ũõ ʼ Ÿ Ͽ Ѵ. 츮 ֿ ׸ (Lord and Savior) ޾Ƶ帮 ȸ ϴ ֱ ̴. ׷ (primacy) ξ Ѵ.

3.4. ŵ ƷϿ 翪ڷ Ͽ Ѵ.

°δ, ȸ Ӱ ׸ Ȱְ ϱ Ͽ, ߵ, ŵ ƷϿ Ͽ ϰڴ.

̽ ϳ ڱ Ӱ ֽþ ϳ԰ Բ ϴ ڰ Ǵ Ư ֽŴ. Ư ߿ ϳ ŵ ϲ ϰ ׵ ֵ ϴ ̴. ڵ ƴ϶, ŵ Ͽ ׵ ϵ ݷϰ ֵ Ѿ Ѵ.

(ϴ ) ϴ ŵ ΰ ǰ Ͽ ̴. ׷ ν Ȳ ϰ ִ Ư ذ ̱ ̴. μ, ȸ Ȳ Ȱϰ ִ. ڿ , Ǵ ȸ ִ ִ. ̵ ο ִ ִ ŵ Ʒý 翪ڰ ǰ ϴ ̴.

ŵ Ŵ ȸ ؼ Ӹ ƴ϶ ̳ ģ ؼ ̷ ̴. ŵ ַ ׵ ̷. ׸ε Ȱϴ ð ̻ ̴. ڰ θ ƴ϶ ൿ ִ ȸ ϰ ֱ ̴.

ϳ Ŀ´̼ (gap)̴. ׷ ûҳ 뿡Դ ʴ´. ׷ ȸ ŵ Ʒý ׵ 翪ڰ ǰ ϸ ׵ Ͽ ̴.

ѱ ȸ ŵ Ȱ Ȱ ̳, ׸ ö Ʒð ûȴٰ ϰڴ. ŵ ƷýŴ ־, ڿ ־ ȴ. ɲ ڿ ڵ鿡Ե ֽñ , ׵ Ȱ ȸ ο ־ Ѵ.

, ȸ Ͽ , ϳԲ ŵ ׷ Ͽ ο Ű ˱⿡ ŵ ž  ߿伺 ϴ ̴. ȸ ŷϰ ϴ ٷ ŵ  Ͽ 𸣱 ̴.

̷ Ͽ ڳ ȸ ׵  ϰ ϴ ̴. ط ׵ Ű ο  Ű ƾ ̴. ȸ ٰ ϸ鼭 Ƿ ׷ ϴ ʰ ֱ ̴. ÿ ο  ϴ ׷ ߵ ȸ ȿ ִ Ŭÿ÷ (eccelesiolae) ȸ ϸ ȸ ϴ ׷ ӹ ϵ Ͽ ̴.

3.5. ΰϰ ڸ 缺Ͽ Ѵ.

ټ°, ׸  , ڽ ü Ȱ̴. ȸ Ͽ 翪ڵ žӰ Ǽ, ư μ ε Ȱ ߿伺 . Ȱ ġ ġ ϴ ͸ŭ Ŀ صǴ ̱ ̴.

, ׸ մϰ ൿϰ, ŷ Ͽ Ƹٿ ϸ Ͽ ̴. ε Ͽ Ѵ.

ε ϰ 뼭ϸ, ٸ , ϴ , ȸ ġ ȭ ޽ ׵ ӿ ̴.

ٵ, ȸ ڵ, ڵ Ȯ ־ Ѵ. 츮

ôƮ ߰ſ ü Ͽ ڽ ׸ Ȯ ε Ҵ. ѱ ȸ ڵ鿡Ե ̷ ȮŰ ؿ ־ Ѵ.

ѱ ȸ ̷ ڸ Ѵ. б ο ϰڴٰ .

IV. δ

 Ͽ , ѱ ȸ Ͽ Ͽ Ͽ. ׷ ׷ٰ ѱ ȸ ο ϰ ϴ Ҹ ӿ ִ. ״ ȸ Ÿ ʹ Ǹϰ ֱ ̴.

 ѱ ȸ ش. ٵ ϳ ڱ ȸ Ͻð Ͽ Ͻñ⿡ ̴.

ڰ Ȳ Ͽ Ҹ Ϸ , ȣͲ (ȣ) Ͽ پ˿ ƴ ĥõ ξ ϼ̵, Ͻ νð, ׵ Ͽ ϳ ݵ Ͻ ϴ´. ŷ ϳ ڸ Ͽ ϽŴ.

׷⿡ ѱ ȸ Ÿ ϴ ȸ ־ ڷν ȸ ο ̴. ӿ ִ ȸ Ÿϰ , ȿ Ӱ Ͻô ϱ ̴. ̰ ̿ ų̾.

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1. ¿, ȸ ѱ ȸ ̷() , 1997

2. ¿, ȸ ѱ ȸ ̷ (), , 1997

3. п , ȸ翡 Ÿ , , 1995.

4. п , ɰ ȸ, п, 1997.

5. п , 21 Ȳ , п, 1999.

6. (ѱȸ ſ) , ѱ ȸ ܰ ó, ǻ, 1996

7. Ѽ, ž ɷ, ѽŴб Ǻ, 1994.

8. ̿, ѱȸ , Ź 1999 6 25-200225 ȣ

9. ͳ, Ѽ , ׸ΰ , ѽŴб Ǻ,

10. , ȭ  , ѱ IVP, 1990.

11. , (), ⵶ǻ, 1992.

12. , , ǻ , 1998.

13. Howard A. Snyder, The Radical Wesley & Patterns for Church Renewal, IVP, 1980

, ȸ Ű , ⵶ǻ, 1986.

14. Howard A. Snyder, The Community of the King, IVP, 1977

15. Jackson ed., The Works of Rev. John Wesley, Zondervan Pub. Co. 1958-1959 ( - Works)

16. J. B. Atkinson, The Beauty of Holiness, Salem, Schmul Publisher, 1979.

17. John Wesley, A Plain Account on Christian Perfection ( , ؼ), ѱ ȸ, 1996.

18. John Wesley, Explanatory Notes Upon the New Testament, Epworth, London, 1941 (- Notes)

19. John Telford Ed., The Letters of the Rev. John Wesley, 8 vols. Epworth Press, 1031 (-Letters)

20. L. Starkey, The Work of the Holy Spirit: A Study of Wesleyan Theology, Nashville, Abingdon, 1962

21. Luke Tyerman, The Life and Times of Rev. John Wesley, London, Hodder and Stoughton, 1872.

22. L.O. Hynson, To Reform the Nation; Theological Foundation of Wesleys Ethics, Grand Rapid, 1984

23. M. Marquardt, John Wesleys Social Ethics: Praxis and Principles, Abingdon Press, 1992.

24. Nehemiah Curnock Ed., The Journals of the Rev. John Wesley, 8 vols. Epworth Press, 1938 (-Journals)

25. Outler ed., The Works of John Wesley, Abingdon Press, 1984.

26. Sugden ed., Wesleys Standard Sermons, Epworth and Allenson, 1956 ( - Sermons)

27. William Cannon, The Theology of John Wesley, New York, Abingdon, 1946