B.    ⵶ 

Ӱ Ͻô ϳ ֱ , ſ ϰ ҽÿ ְ ؼ ȴ. ϳ ¿ Ͻ ʴ´. ׷⿡  ϳԲκ ̾ νĵǾ ׷ ұϰ  (antecedent) ʿ䰡 ִ ̴. ģ پ ߿  Ǿ ִ 鿡 Ͽ ̴.

1. û 

ڵ  ǻŸ(Puritanism) Ϸ Ѵ. ׸(J. R. Green) Ŀ ̳ ־ (whole history) ǻŸ 翴ٰ Ȯߴ. ׷Ƿ ״ 18  û õ ۾ ϼŲ  ߴ. (Leslie Stephen) ޵ ο ǻŸ̶ ߰, ҷ(Elie Halevy) ޵Ʈ  Ư Ϻο û ǽ  ߴ.  ǻŸ ϰ ִ ̴. ׷ ׷ü(Gloucester) ̾ (William Warburton) ǻź ǰ ޵̶ ο ̸ Ͽ ǻ ١ ƴϴ. ׸ŭ ִ. ũ(Robert C. Monk) Ž ó ǻŸ Ӽ ѷϴ.

Ѹ û ž Ǿ Դ. ٵι Ʋ(Bartholomew Westley) 1662 Ż ſ Ȱ û 翴. Ʋ(John Westley) û鿡 ˷ ι̾. ״ Ϸɿ ظ ޴ٰ κ ߴ. ģ ƴ϶ ܰ ʵ û 迴. Ƴ׽(Samuel Annesley, 1620-1696) ı û 񱹱 ι , Ϸ Ͽ ߹ 1696⿡ 񱹱 塱̾. ׷ ģ (Samuel Wesley, 1620- 1696) ģ (Susanna Wesley, 1669-1742) û ޾ Ͽ. ׷ٰ Ͽ ׵ û ƴϾ. ׵ ž ӿ û ־. ׸Ͽ (Epworth) ȸ ̾ ٺ û ̾.

̷ Ȱ ũ ̴. 50 Ѽ 60 ڵ 32 û ڵ̰ 2 û Ҵ 7,200̰ Ҵ 3,900鿡 Ұϴ. ̴ ϴ ǻź 󸶳 Ѱ ش.

ģ ÿ û Ư ϳ ڳ࿡ ־ Ÿ ϰ Ͽ. ħ ÿ ū ü ʹ ϰ ־ 1738 Ŀ ̾. ׸Ͽ ״ š ϱ ϳ ϳ ڳ ϽŴ١ Ͽ. ƴ϶ , ȭ, ȸ, ȭ ǻź ش ̴.

 û  ȸ ü ϴ. û  Ű ȸ θ ð ߸ ̴. ȸ ǻź ߱ߴ Ϻκ ̰, ǻź  ٽ žӰ ġ ̷ ̾. ׵ ƴϾ. ׵鿡 ־ ̶ ȸ ѵ ƴ϶ ġ, , ȭ ؾ Ѵٴ ̾. ̷ ǻź  Ҿ , ȸ ϰ Ǿ , ȸ ġ 䱸ϱ⿡ ̸ ̴. ̷ û  ñ ǥ ϳ ȸ վ ġ ü١ ̺(Horton Davis) ̶ ϰڴ. ó ־ ϳ ߱ϴ û鿡 ǹ̰ . ׵鿡Դ ȸ ǹ̿ ߿伺 ϰ ־ ̴. ׸Ͽ ׵ ڽŵ ó ִ ŷ ü(Zion) ȣ ൿǷ ư. ̷ û ȸ ź û  ü ӿ ó ־. ׷ ʰ ӿ ϰ Ǿ. ôƮ Ŀ û dzμ ν, ״ װ ڽ ü ž ؿ Ѵٴ ˾ұ⿡ ġ Ű õߴ ̴.

̷ ־  Ͽ 18 19 ȸ Ȱ û 𳯸 ִ. ׸( J. Brazier Green) ϱ, ñ⿡ κ ۰ û ȸ ̰ ȸ  ӵǾ ȭǾ ϰ ִ١ Ͽ.

18  ι û ǰ ޾Ҵ. ׷ и νؾ ̷ Ӽ ұϰ 18  û  Ͽ ٴ ̴. (A. Skevington Wood) ó ̷ ο ̴.

2. 

(Henry D. Rack) 18 ߻  ٴ ü  κ Ѵ.  ̶ ̴.  ǿ ̷ ü ̰ ϴ ڴ δ. ׷ ؼ ڵ ǰ ִ. (Heinrich Heppe) (August Lang) û  ã ϰ, (Albrecht Ritschl) ڴ ׵忡 ִٰ , ۼ(Eugen Sachsse) ̺(Hans Leube) Ͽ Ѹ ã Ѵ. ̴ ָϴ ̴. ģ , Ư ǿ ̴.

ݸ(Kenneth J. Collins) 17 ʱ⿡ Ͽ ǰ ϵ Ѵ. ù° ü迡 δ 17 ׽źƮ ݶǰ ùٷ ȳ ѵ ִ. ̷ ݶ Ͽ ü ǥ ͱ ؼϴ ̻ ڷ Ǿ, ư ϳ ŷϴ Ƿ Ǿ. ° 30(1618-1648) ̴. ȭ Ǿ. ° Ͱ ȸ ̶ ӱǷ¿ ο ҿ ߻Ǿ. ӱ ο ȲȲ(caesaro- papism) Ͽ ɰ Ǹ ߴٴ ̴. ǿ ̷ ͵鿡 ε п ΰų ϴ , ȸ ٴϴ , ׸ ޸ ̶ Ϳ ݹϿ Ǿ ̴. ڵ ž ŻϿ ̰ âϰ ϴ Ҹ ǿ Ǿ ߿伺 ߴ.

ǿ ε巯 ڴ (Philip Jacob Spener) (August Hermann Francke). ʴ ְ ϳ ɷɻȰ Ǿ ִ ȸ Ϸ ǵ ڵ (Colligia Pietatis), ȸ ȸ(ecclesiola in ecclesia) ߴ. Ͽ ȸ ڱص Ǿ. ǿ װ 1674⿡ ҿ(Pia Desideria) ϸ鼭 ۵Ǿ. ״ å ȸ 6 α׷ Ͽ. , ڵ , ܼ Ŀ õ , ʿ θ , б , ƴ Ծ ̴.

ʸ ̾  ȭ Ų ι ̴. ״ ¿ ŵ쳲 ߰ ʺ ҷ(Halle) п Ȱϸ鼭 ƿ б Ȱ ҷ ߽ . ̷ν Ǵ ؿܼ Ǿ.

̷ ʿ ۵ǰ ɿԼ Ǵ (Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf)  ο ҡ ÷ Ǿ. ɰ ҷ б ʿ ɷκ ޾ ׵ Ȯ ǿ â ôϿ ̴.

Ǵ ٷ ̴. ȵ Ľ(John Huss) Ŀ ̾ƿ ׽źƮ ߾. ׵ Ϻΰ ط Ͽ dz 1727⿡ ó ϰ Ǿ , ε ׸ ϴ ο ü(Society) ߴ. ü Ư¡ ޴´ٴ žӰ Żμ ȸ, ׸ ׸ ̾. ο ü Ȱ Ǿ, ̵ ϴ ŷε(colonies) Ƹ޸ī ̽ Ǿ. ̷  ġ Ǿµ, ׵ ̽ŵǿ Ż ְ ȸ ̲ ̴. ΰպ(Augustus Spangenberg) ɷ(Peter Boehler) ȭ žӹ ޾Ұ ôƮ(Aldersgate) ȸ ̻ϰ ߰ſ¡ ü ϴ ԰ Ǿ.

Դ ȵ ܿ ƸƮ(Johann Arndt), ׸ ʿ ϴ. ׿ ̴. ݸ(Kenneth J. Collins) ƸƮ ǹ̿ ƹ Ѵ. ڵ ȣ ɿ , ǿ ź, , ȭ ̹ 1610⿡ å ⵶(True Christianity) ־ ̶ ̴. ǰ dz 1648 ʿ ˷ ҷ Ƹ(Wilhelm Boehme) Ǿٰ Ѵ. ϱ⿡ ƿ 1736 3 24 3 31 ̿ å ߴ. 1738 ϱ ƸƮ 븸(David Nitschmann) ģ , ׸1738 3 ϱ⿡ å ׶(Arvid Gradin) ģ ΰ ִ. ׷ ͵ ƸƮ å λ ʹ Ͽ å Ѽ(The Christian Library) ù ǿ Խ״. ɴ 24 Ǿ ׸ . ҷ ۵ ģߴٴ Ŵ ϴ. Ʒ ߿ ҷ (Pietas Hallensis) Բ ߴ. ׸ 1738 ȵ 湮ϱ 츥Ʈ(Herrnhut) , 6 26-27 ϰ ҷ Ȱ ǵ 8 18-19Ͽ (G. A. Francke) ȭ . ٸ ڵ(Nicodemus) о ġ ο Ѽ Խ״.

׸Ͽ ڵ  Ÿ. ǽ(ritual)̳ ׸ پ Ѵ ġ οѴٵ簡, ߻ ȭ , ׸ ұ׷ Ʒ̶ ̴. ̷  ڸ ģô и ϰ ־١ ݸ Ÿϴ ϰڴ.

3. ȸ

̽(Charles Smyth) ȸ (High Church tradition)  ߻Ǿ Դٴ Ͻø ߴ. Ʈҹ(Roland Stromberg) Ͽ ȸ  Ǿٰ Ҵ. ״ ȸ ô뿡 ־ ϰ ־, ű⿡  Ǿٰ Ͼ ̴.

׷ (J. D. Walsh) ó,  ȸ ۿ ǹѴٴ ʿ䰡 ִ. 18⿡ ̸ ȸ κ ϰ ¿ ǽĿ ϰ ϰ ־. ׸Ͽ ߱ϴ ȸ ġ (anxieties) ȮǼ Ѵٴ ߰ϰ ٸ · ̴ װ  ó δ ߴ ̴.

׷Ƿ ȸ  ü ؼ . ׺ ȸ ü(the religious societies) ã ̴. ü 1678⿡ ä(Savoy Chapel) Ϸ ϰ ִ ȣ?(Anthony Horneck) Ͽ Ҽ ̵ Ǹ鼭 ó â Ǿ. ȸ dz ߴ. ̵ ֿ ǵ ׷ ̷ ȭ ȭ Ģ ư ̾. ü 1688 Ŀ Ͽ 1700⿡ ̸ ֺ 40 ̻ ߰ ٸ ó ÿ ߴ. Ŵϰ ߿ ü ȸ(The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1698) ȸ(The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 1701). ̵ ̰ ǰ Ű ȸ Ͽ ھ Ȱ ߴ. ü ڵ (colligia pietatis) ޱ׸ĭ ̾ ϰڴ.

ڵ ̷ ü 18  ִ ִ. (A. Skevington Wood) ټ ü ģ 1701⿡ (Epworth) ͵̶ . ׸ żŬ ׷ ޾Ҵٰ , ޵ ƴ Ǿ ŵȸ(The Fetter Lane Religious Society) ִ Ѵ. ȸ(Class Meeting) ٰ̾ Ѵ. (John Walsh) ʱ ڵ ڹ ü  Ǿ, ׵  ü ɵ- , ž , ģ- κе ϰ Ǿٰ Ѵ. ״ 1732⿡ S.P.C.K. ȸ õǾ, S.P.G Ŀ Ͽ ƿ Ǿ Ų. (J. H. Overton) ü ޵Ʈ ŵȸ鿡 ־ٴ ظ ϸ鼭, ư ŵȸ ü 硯(replica) ǰ Ϸ ߴٰ Ѵ. ũ(D. Pike) ޵Ʈ ŵȸ ü µ ݺߴٴ ϰ ִ. ׸Ͽ Ʈ ( ) 1678 ü鿡 Ǿ. ޵ DZ 61 ü ׷ ݵ(reaction) ʸ Ҵ١ Ƿߴ.

׷ ̿ ݷе ʴ. ޵Ʈ ʵ 17 ü鿡 ̹ µǾ ־ ͵̶ ø(John S. Simon) δ ŵȸ ü ϰ 硯Ϸ ǵ ϰ ־ٴ ߸ ϴ. ư (Portus) ޵ ü ٰ Ѵ. ޵ üκ ڿ ̶ ̴. ŵȸ ü ̰ ִ иϴ. ü 䱸ϴ Ģ ȸ ݵ ϰ, ؾ ϸ, Ͽ ־ Ѵٴ ̾. ׷ ŵȸ鿡 Ȱ, ü迡 , ŵ ڸ Ȱߴ. ׸ ȸǿ ־ ڿ ѽŰ ʾҴ. (Band) ϴ ģ ȸ Ÿ ä߰, ϰ ŵ ŵȸ ״. ̷ и ̰ ִ. ׷ ̳ Ӽ . 1744⿡ ǵ ŵȸ , ְ , ݽ, ׸ ݿ ŵȸ Ӽ ִ ҵ õǾ ִ.

ó Ӽ ̼ Ѵ. ̷ ǵ ȸ ü  ƴϳ ƴٴ ϰ ȴ. ü ̲ ׷ ұϰ ׵ ǹ̰ ̴.

4. ոǿ ݵ

 ߼ ݶǿ ݹ Ÿ ̾. 16 ı 17 ȭ ׽źƮ ݶ ô븦 Ҵ. ׽źƼ ߼ ݶǿ ݵ ݿ ̶ Ǵ ׽źƼ ο ݶǿ ݵ ߻ ̾. ׷ dz䰡 ո Ÿ. ƱƮ(Arthur Cushman McGiffert) ؿ 18 ̷ ȯ濡 ݹ̾. ״ Ǵ ոǿ װ ص ִٰ Ѵ. ׷  ̽ŷ(Deism) ü ڱ ޾Ҵ ϱ ̴.

ԽƮ(Christof Gestrich) ϸ ̽ŷ ־. ù° ߼ ı п ̴. н (Duns Scotus), į(William of Ockham) ̽ŷ ߿ ö ũ(John Locke) (David Hume) п Ǿٴ ̴. °14, 15⿡ Ŭ ž ؼؾ ʿ 䱸Ǿٴ ̴. ° 15⿡ 16 ȯ⿡ ?(John Colet, 1466-1519), 󽺹(Erasmus), (Thomas More), ׸ Ǽ(John Fisher) ι ڵ ı ̽ŷ ߴٴ ̴. Ǿ(Utopia, 1516) ̹ ̼ ϳ žӿ ڼ ǥǾ ȴ. 18 ̷ ٴ öа Ŀ ô뿡 ˸ ո Ӱ 䱸ϴ Ҵ. ַ ̼ ž̾.

̷ ȭ 18 ʺ ۿϰ ־. 1702⿡ ䷣(John Toland) ź ⵶(Christianity not Mysterious) ǿ (Leslie Stephen) ̽ŷ ȣź ߻ Ǿ. ䷣ å ݵ ̸̼ ذ ؾ Ѵٴ , ⵶ ̿ ʿ ϰ ִٰ ߴ. 뱳 ̹ ٿκ ȭ ⵶ ź ų ̼ 븳ǰ ̼ Ѿ  ͵ ̶ ̾. ̷ν ǹ̴ ȭǰ ̼ Űȭ Ǿ. 1730⿡ ̽ŷ ǥ ƾ(Mathew Tindal) â Բ ۵ ⵶(Christianity as Old as Creation) ǵǾ ̽ŷ 桱 ȯȣ ޾Ҵ. ״ ⵶ ͵ ڿ Ǿ â ٰ̾ ߴ. ׷⿡ ̰ ȭ ⵶ ̰, ڰԴ ̽Ű ȥչ̶ ̾. 1733⿡ ̸ ⵶ ž 缺 ̷ ݺ ȿ ȸ ⸦ ҷ Դ. Ƹ ٵ ɰ ÿ ⵶ ž ȣҰ 븦 ħ ϰ 濡 ٴ Ǿٴ ̴. ̷ µ ڴ ε鿡Ա żϰ Ȯ Ǹ鼭 õǰ ۰ ǰ ȣǾ. ̷ Ȳ ̽(John Lewis) 1739 ӿ ׾ٴ ̸ ̺ ǥ¡ ̶͡ ǥߴ

̽ŷа ոǰ ̽ ó ̾͡. 18 ̼ ƴ϶ ־. ̼ ̻ ġ ôϰ ߻̾ ڵ鿡 ҷ ų . ̽ŷ ոǷ, ոǴ ȸǷ, ȸǴ üǷ ٲ.

 ̷ ̽ŷ ո  ǽ̰ ̶ Ŵ Ÿ ̴.  ܼ ̷ ĸ ¿ ݹ߷ ؼؼ ȵ ̴. ׷  Ǵ ϳ Ǿ ִ ȸǿ ȮŰ ŷڷ ġŲ Ƿ иϴ ̴.  Ҿȵ鿡 ü 亯 ־, ڸ Ÿ Ȯ Ȱ ġ״ ̴.