C.   ȸɰ ڵ

ȯ ȸɡ̴. ׸ ȸɻ ϰ ̱⵵ ϴ. ȸɿ ̴ ̳ ȸ ظ . ׷ ڵ ȸɿ 1725 1738 ̰ ǥϰ ִ. ڴ ټ ڵ ظ 1725 ȸɡ, 1738 ȸɡ ϰ Ѵ. ȸȰ ؿ ǹ̸ ϰ ִٰ .

1. ȸ

. źڵ

1725 ij ó ֿ ū ء. ؿ ȼ ޱ⵵ , ׺ ߿ װ 1725⿡ Ϸ(J. Taylor) 丶(Tomas a Kempis) ׸ Ŀ ο(William Law) а ϳԲ ߴ ̴.

1725⿡ ϱ ϸ Ÿ ߱Ͽµ, ñ⿡ Ϸ žӼ ū ǹ̸ ο ־ٴ (A Plain Account of Christian Perfection, 1766) ִ. ⿡ ù ° ŷе å Ϸ ŷ Ģ Ʒ(The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living and Holy Dying)̴. Ŀ(Frank Baker) Ϸ 17 ƹ ٰ ִ ι̶ ǥߴ. װ ģ ũ⸦ ִ ƴ .

Ϸ ŷ Ģ Ʒ ũ ū ް Ǿ. ϳ ð Ģ̰, ٸ ϳ ŷ ǵ ̾.

ð ο Ģ . ״ ڱ ð ϱ ڽ ð Ȯϰ ߴ. ׸ ϰ ð ȹϿ Ͽµ, Ģ Ͽ ޵Ʈ ̸ ߴ.

׷ Ϸ ģ ߿ ǵ ̾. ̿ ִ.

23 Ǵ 1725⿡ Ϸ ŷ Ģ Ʒ ϰ Ǿ. å κ ũ ް Ǿµ, Ư ǵ õ κп . , ü ϳԲ ϱ Ͽ. ̰ öϰ ٴ, κ ϳԲ ǵ ƴϸ Ǹ ǵ ϴ ߰ ̶ ̱ ̾.

Ϸ ϴ ǵ Ư¡ ˷ ߴ. ⵶ Ǵ Ѹ ΰ ִ. ij ϸ ־ , ٽ ǵ ǹѴ. װ ڿ м ڱ ڽ Ȥ ϳԿԼ ٸ ̳ Ͽ ع, ׷ ϳԿ ൿ ̲ ̴.

ó Ϸ ϳԲ ޾Ҵ. ׷ ϳԲ ſ ־, Ϸ ϳ ʿ伺 Ѵٴ ν ʿ䰡 ִ.

° å ׸ ޾(The Imitation of Christ). ״ åκ ڸϸ ϳ ൿ ȮǾ ִٴ ǡ ߰ߴ. Ϸκ ſ ٸ 丶κʹ ſ Ǿ ̴.

³ ǽ(ritual) ̻ ȸϿ.

, ٵ Ÿ. ü ϳԲ , ٽ ϳԲ ʴ´ٸ ƹ ٴ ݰ Ǿ.

Ͽ ߱ϰ Ͽ ϰ ϰ ׸ ϳ԰ Ͽ. ׷ ظ ƴϾ. ź ߽ ϱ ſ ˾ǽϴ ׷ ͵ ϴ ݿǿ ؼ ʾҴ. ߼ ſ ʾҴ.

° ô ο̴. Ŀ(Eric W. Baker) ߿ ο찡 ־ ǴѴ. Ƹ Ǵ Ȯ ̴.

ο (A Practical Treatise upon Christian Perfection) ǰ ŷ û(A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life) а ϳԲ Ȯϰ ߴ. ״ ǿ Ͽ.

̳ ο û ϰ Ǿ. (semi) ׸ ȴٴ Ұϴٴ ȮŽ ־. ׸Ͽ ( ʿ ̶ ɰϰ ִ) Ͽ ȥ ϳԲ Ͽ.

ó ο Ͽ ϳԲ ϰ Ͽ. ׷ ϱ⿡ ϸ ϳ . Ű ǹߴ. ο ̷ ħ ڵ鿡Ե ߰ а Ͽ ڵ ο ܳ 顱̶ ظ ޱ⵵ Ͽ.

1738 Ŀ ο찡 ž ϱ , װ ܰ ۵ ־ ο쿡 ̴. ׸Ͽ 1788⿡ ǰ ŷ û ǥ Ƹٿ̳ ɿ Ȯ ־ ɰϱ Ź ̶ ߴ.

Ƿ ڿ ̴. ׵ ũî , ϳ԰ ̿ ̶ ˰ Ǿ. ⿡ ߿ ׵ ̸ ȸ ݿ Ҿ ȭ̴. ̵ žӿ ϰ Ǿµ, ƿƲ ̸ ȸɡ̶ θ. ׷ ǰ ٴ ߴ. ̴ ǿ. ó 1725 ȸ ǹ ɿ ̾.

. ż Ŭ(Holy Club) ǰ Ʒ

ż Ŭ Ϸ ο ķ ũî ǥ Ǿ ϳԲ Ű ׿ ־. ż Ŭ ׷ Ǿ ̴. żŬ ߴ.

żŬ ȸ Բ ð Ȱߴµ 4ÿ Ͽ 9ÿ ϰ ƴ. װ Ȥ ٰ̾ ص ƴ . ż Ŭ Ͽ̾ (William Morgan) í (Richard Morgan) ż ũ ȣ ش.

׵ ׵ ð, ƴ ϳ µ ٰ Ѵ. ׵ ڵ ׵ ȸ å ϱ ִ١. ׵ Ͽ ݽϴµ ̷ ׵ Ǿ. ׵ ü հŸ Ǿ.

ϳԿ ־ ̷ Ʒ ܿ żŬ ο ǹ̷ ٰ ̾. 1730⿡ żŬ ȸ (William Morgan) Ǹ ϰ ȥ ִ ϵ ߴ. ̿ Ʈ ݱ Ÿ ڱڽſԸ ִ ϳ ֱ⵵ ϰ ޱ⵵ ϴ ̶͡ ǹ ִ 򰡶 ϰڴ.

ڼ ġ ϰ Ǿ. żŬ ȸ Ҿ ҿ ī(Bocardo) ҿ ̻ ߰ ڵ ڳ Ű ̸ б Ͽ. ϱ⿡ ȥ ſ иϰ Ÿ ִ. ̴ ִ ʱ Կ ߴ ȭ Ÿ ִ , ̷ ޵ ߿ ̶ .

׷ и ¤ Ѿ żũ ߿伺 ϰų żũ ü ޵ ؼ ȴٴ ̴. ׵ ǽİ Ȱ ݷ ̾ ̰, ׵ ߽ ڳ ߵ鿡 ȣ ϰ ߴ. ù°Ǵ 浿 ڱ⺸ ϰ ־ ̴.

̷ ǹ Ŀ ־ ڿ. 丶(Thomas a Kempis) 츦 , ں Ͽ (chapter) ھֿ ϸ ̸ ȸ ã . ݸ鿡 Ϸ(Taylor) ο(Law) ȸ åӼ ǹ Ͽ. ׷ ׵ ̷ ȸ ΰ ؼ ĪҸϳ ִ. ڱ ڼ ڿ ߽ Ǿ ׷ Կ ־ ߿ ʰ ִ. ȸ Ƿμ ƴ϶ صǰ ִ ǿ ̱Ǹ ϰ ִ ̴.

ž ǽɰ ǹ ̷ ̾. ٴ ǹ Ÿ ־. Դٰ Ϸ ο ȸ , ڼ Ѿ ׷ ڼ ʿ Ȳ ǵ ȭŰ ϴ ؼ ϰ ־. dz ũ̶ Ī ް Ǿ ̾ ȸ̰ų ġ ƴϾ. ׵ ָ ׷ ̾.

. ȸ ¡˴ٸμ

żũ Ȱ ̶ ƿ Ͽ Ϸ ο ϰ ϰ, ǹ Ǵ ȯϰ ϴ Ǿ.

ǽǿ ݿ ׸ ־. ׷(Oglethorpe) 屺 û ޾ ȸ(The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel) ļ ޾ ο Ĺ ͵ ڽ ܰ ϰ ǹ ִ ̷ ϴ .

̷ ǵ 1735 10 14Ͽ ð(Charles Wesley), (Benjamin Ingham), ׸ Ʈ(Charles Delamotte) Բ ø (Simmonds) ¼ߴ. ƹ(C. E. Vulliamy) ̸ żŬ̶ Īߴ. żŬ ּ κ̶ Ƹ޸ī ̽ĽŰ ǵ ϰ ־. ׸Ͽ ״ żŬ Բ 󿡼 ̵ ġ ڵ ° ȭŰ ǻȰ ħ 9-10ñ Žð ȹ Ģ Ȯϰ . 1736 2 6Ͽ ƿ Ŀ .

׷ Ҹ ݴ ƿ ׸ ߴ. ε̳ εȵ鿡 ǽ ߻ ؿ ڽ ȥ¿ ʸ ؼϰ žӰ ߱Ϸ ҵ . ״ Ҽ ޱ ټ αⰡ ҷ ״. ׿ Ǹ ׸ ° ̾. Ŀ ߴ.

ڽ Ǹ źϴ ֵ Ҵ. ׷鼭 ߰, ڷμ ׷ Ǹ ѾҰ źߴ. ó ġ ־. ׸ ϴ ڿԡ ̸ ȴٴ ׸ ǿ ؼ ä, ڽ Ǹ ߴ. ׷ ӿ ָ . Ʒ ʰ Ʒ ־.

̷ ٳ(Savannah) ī ȩŰ(Sophia Hopkey) з Ǿ. Ϸ Ŀ ׳࿡ ߹ Ʒκ ߹ ߴ. Ѽ˷ 1737 12 22Ͽ Ȥ Ȱ Ĺ Ǿ.

ó ̱ ׷ װ ߴ ߴ. ״ 1725-1726 Ǹ ɡδ ġ νϰ ̻ ã ϰ Ǿ ̴. ׷ ͱ ϱ⿡ Ÿ ̰ ִ. 19381 24 ϱ⿡ ε ȸɽŰ Ƹ޸ī . ׷ ! ڴ ΰ! ߰, 2 1 ϱ⿡ ٸ ȸɽŰ Ƹ޸ī ڽ ϳԲ ȸ ΰ! ڽ̿, Ļ̴١ Ҵ.

żŬ ǰ ھ ۵鿡Դ λ ̾, װ͵ ñδ Ҹ ̰ ڰ ̶ ڰ ̸ Ǿ ̴. ״ Ϸ ο ׿ ִ ְ ѵ װ ׿ ñ ߴ.

׷ ״ 󿡼 ߴ ׷ ǹ ذ ü ߼ ־. ư ôƮ װ ϳ԰ ȸ Ȱ ǽĿ ɴ ġ Ǿ.

2. ȸ

ȸɡ ¿ ӹ ä 35 ÿ Ǿٸ, ״ ɷ ְ Ģ̸ ϴ ι ̰ ̸ ֱ ̶ ܿ ʴ ι ǰ ̴. ׷ ״ ô ȸ dz ȭŲ, ׸ ͽǾ ŭ̳ ̴¡ ׷ ι εǾ ִ. б 1738 5 24Ͽ ־ ôƮ üٰ̾ ϰڴ. 츮 װ ȸɡ̶ θ.  ȸȰ Ž Ǵ ôƮ ü װ ȸ ǹ̿ ذ ʿϴ.

. ôƮ(Aldersgate) ü ǹ

ƿ Ȱ ǵ Ȳ ӿ ־. ״ ٷ ƿ ߰ ӹ ִ ɷ(Peter Boehler) ž ȭ Ǿµ, 3 ̻ ӵ ȭ ٽ ̽ŵǿ ̾. ׵ ο õ 𵨷 Ͽ 2 ڱ ڽŰ ε鿡 ƹ ̷ ߴٴ Ƿ ߵ ߿ ־. ״ ٳ ڽ ġ ٰ̾͡ ߴ. ó ǥ ſ ۿ Ʒ ִ ׷ Ȳ ŷ (ɷ) ׸ϸ ´١ ̽ŵǿ Ǿ ̴. װ ο ̾. ״ ڽ ̾ ο쿡 ڱ⿡ ׷ ߰߿ ε ʾҴ ˷ ޶ ϸ鼭, ̰Ϳ ʴ ڽ װ ϰ ʾұ ƴ ñ⸦ ϳ ں ûմϴ١ ߴ. ķ 18 ġ ƴ . ο ڿ. ׷ ɷ ӿ ο Ǿ ̴. ̷ ӿ 1738 5 24Ͽ ôƮ ̻ϰ ߰ſ¡ ü ϰ Ǿ. Ȳ ο ϰ ִ.

Ű ʴ ôƮ Ÿ ִ ӿ . ű⿡ θ а ־. 9 15 ׸ ϴ ϳԲ ϻ Űô ȭ ̻ϰԵ ߰ſ . ׸ ŷѴٴ . ׸ ׸ ˸ Ͻð ˿ ϼ̴ٴ Ȯ ־.

̰ ־ ñ ǹ̸ ϴ ȯ̾. ڵ ôƮ ߿伺 ǰ پ ̴. ϸ طο ̾ٴ ش ظ Ƿϴ ̵鵵 ִ. Ʈ(Maximin Piette) (R. Denny Urlin) ǥڵε, ȸٰ̾ Ѵ. ôƮ װ ȸɵ ϳ ص ִ. ƿƲ Ʈ ǥڵ̴. (Umphrey Lee) ôƮ ܰ ȸɡ Ѵ. ׷ (George Croft Cell) 1738 ߽ ϴ ν ôƮ ־ ñ ǹ̸ ȯ Ѵ.

ı⿡ ôƮ ¿ ǰ Ͽ ϰ ־ ڵ ¿ ִ ̶ ֱ װ ôƮ ߿伺 ȭŲٰ . ôƮ и ־ ο Ȯ밡 ƴ϶ ٺ ȯ̾. ׸ װ ٸ Ȯ Ǵ ü̾. ڽ ôƮ ڽ źп Ƶ źп, Ʒ Ʒ, ׸ ׸(Almost Christian) ׸(Altogether Christian) ȯŲ ǷϿ. ̷ ôƮ ü ־ ñ ǹ̸ ȯ̾ٴ Ÿϴ ϰڴ.

ü Ƹڷ ϴ ڿ. ״ ݽ, б, Ʒõ ź ü ܵ Ϸ ߴ. ׷ ôƮ ߰ſ ü ؼ ȹǴ ̶ п ׸ εߴ. ȯ ߿伺 پ Ѵ´. װ  Ǿ ޵ Ұ, Ű ó ȸ ŽŲ ű ǡ Ǿ ̴.

. ôƮ ü ȸ ǹ

ôƮ ̸ ϰ ̴. ׷ ôƮ ʾҴ. ôƮ ȸ ȭ״. ôƮ Ͽ ġ ԰ ¾ Ұ κ ó ִ и κ̸ ŷ Ÿ δ´ٴ ͺ иϰ νϰ Ǿ. ̿ ( Earle E. Cairns) ϰ ִ.

ô ü ־ ٿ ٸ޼ ü ̾. װ Ǿ. ̽ŵ ߿ ü谡 ƴ϶ ׸ ȸ Ư ϵ εذ ٺ ̴١. ׸ ϴ ׸ ǷӰ ϰ ˷κ Ӱ ֽ ϳԿ ߴٴ Ͼ. ϳԿ ̷ Ǿ ϴµ ൿ ȴ. ׿ ־ ϳ ΰ . ΰ ̷ ΰԴ , ϳԲ ȸ Ȱ ֻ ǥ ִ.

ó ϴ ( 5:6)̶ Ǿ. ȸ簡 Ұ κ̶ Ȯ Ǿ ̴. ׷⿡ ȸ Ŀ ãư ȵ鿡 ȸ κп Ǹ ϰ Ǿ ׵ ۿ . ׵ ž, , ׸ ޾Ƶ ̴. (E. Douglas Bebb) ȵ ʰ ׵ ӹ ־ٸ ü ϰ Ǿ ̶ ǷϿ.

ȵ Բ ӹ , ׸ طο ܡ ߾ٸ, ȸ ֵ Ŀڿ ϳ ǽ ̴. ׸ ȸ ǿ ݴ볪 ȸ ڵ鿡 , ǿ ź ϳ åӼ δ Ÿ ϰ ڽ νų ̴.

ôƮ ȸ翡 ̾ٴ . տ ״ Ҹ 湮Ͽ ڵ ԰ ׵ ڳ б غϿ ϰ, ڸ . ׸ ƿ γ뿹 ϱ⵵ Ͽ. ׷ ôƮ Ŀ и ִ. 뿡 ϰ ʿ ٺ ڹٲ . ôƮ ȸ ڽ ȥ ɿ Դ. ׷ ôƮ Ŀ ״ ο ο ް Ǿ ׸ ȿ ˰ ڽ ְ Ǿ. ̷ ȸ ƴ. ű⿡ ǹ Ұ ֱ װ ٲ. ȸ ̱ Ϳ ҵǰ ̵ȴ١ ߴ. ôƮ ȸ ̱ ʰ ̸ Ÿ ٲ ű⿡ ȭǰ Ǿ ̴.

ôƮ ģ ȿ ߿ ʴ  ȸ  ġ ȭ۵ ȴ. ôƮ и ȸ ǽĿ ߿ ƴ. ȸ ϴ α׷ Ŀٶ ǵ ߴ. ôƮ پ ȸ , û Ͱ ü ʿ信 ΰ, , ׸ Ϸ ο ڼ ȥ Ű δ. ׷ ȭ, ٽ ϳԿ ̾.

3. ڵ

 ȸ Ȱ ڵ ° Ȱ ū Ǿ. ̵ ׵ Ȱ  ȸ Ȱ Ž ط ̴.

. ʵ(George Whitefield) ð (Charles Wesley)

18  ڵ ϰ ־. پ ι ȸ ־ ̴. ׷ ϳԲ ϱ쵵 ι (John and Charles) ʵ忴. Ǯ-ܳ(E. J. Pool-Connor ) ϰ ι ʵ忴١ ´ ̰ . ڷ, ʵ ڷ, ׸ ۰ ۰ 18  Ͽ⿡ ׵  ӿ Ʋ .

ѻ ΰ żŬ ̾. żŬ ׺ 11 Ʒ ʵ л 迴. ׷ ȸü迡 ʵ尡 3 ռ(1735), ߿ܼ  ʵ忡Լ ߵǾ. ӹŸ ߿ܼ ϰ ̲ ͵ ʵ忴. ̷ ۵ 1739 ߿ܼ ũ ϸ鼭 ׵ Բ ڷ ȭ ̷  ߴ.

 ʵ Ư м ̴. Ǹ ɷ ϰ ־ ݸ鿡 ʵ忡Դ װ Ǿ ־. ŸϿ ̾. ϰ ϸ ־, ٴ ̼ ɿ ϴ Ÿ̾. ݸ鿡 ʵ ɰ ׸ ϰ ȣҷ ִ Ҹ ڷ ûߵ Ű Ƿ ߽Ű ɷ ϰ ־. Ͽ ̷ Ͻô¡( 8:28) ϳ Ͽ ̷  ȭ ̷ ̷. Ǯ-ܳʴ 絵ô ο ٿ, ׸ ô Ϳ Į ׷ ̷ 絵ô ô ״ٰ Ͽ.

Ƹ ʵ ε巯 ˹̴Ͽ콺(Arminian)̰ Į(Calvinist)ٴ ̴. ߻߰ п Ǿ. ׷ п Ѿ п ̸ ʾҴ. ʵ 1739 8 ϸ ϴ ԡ̶ ȣĪ , 鿡 ִ װ ϵ ϼ̴١ ׿ ǥߴ. ʵ忡 ״ ȭ ϴ ̴١. տ ڸ . װ Ӹ ١ ߴ. ׵ 1749⿡ ʵ尡 Į ޵Ʈ ŵȸ ϸ鼭 ؼҵǾ. ʵ տ ߵ ɷ¿ ߴ. ׸Ͽ ״ ڽ ȸڳ δ ġ ϸ ڽ ֵ ݰ , Ʋ, ׸ Ƹ޸ī պ ȸϴ ڷ 絵ߴ ̴. ̷ ʵ Ʈ ڿ ˰ ϴ ɷ ڿ. ׷  ־ θ dzϰ ߴٰ .

ʵ ʽ ؼ ִ. 1770 9 30Ͽ 57 ̷ ʵ尡 ʵ ʽ ְߴ. ʵ ڽ äÿ Բ DZ⸦ Ҹߴٰ Ѵ.

 ģ ̴. ϰ ־ ι, ޵Ʈ  ڴ ƴϾ  ʱ⿡ ־ ʰ ߿ Ͽ. (Overton) ʵ ٵ ȿ̰ ߴٰ Ѵ. 򰡴 ִ ۰ ۰θ ƴ϶ ڷμ, ׸ ʵ ڷμ Ұ ̻ ٴ ̹ -󽺸 Ȯ ٴ.

ġ ü ϰ ־ γ й Ÿ ־ ϴ. ׷ ȸ ״ ó ̳ ݴڵ տ ߰ ŵȸ ߿ܼ Ȱ ̸ 1750  ũ ߴ. ȥ Ŀ ȸ ʴٰ 1756⿡ Ǹ鵵 ġ ȸ ƿ ߴߴµ Ƹ ڵ Ϸ ֿ̾ .

޵ ū ۰ ؼ ٴ Ȯ ̴. ó ۰ Ƹ ɱ ־. ۰ ʱ ޵Ʈ鿡 ϴ ߿伺 ϱ, ʱ ޵Ʈ ؼ ʰ ۰ ħ ε ޾Ҵ١ Ͽ. ۵κ ׵ а ȭ ߴٴ ̴. ۰ ް ڰ ϰ ϰų ߵ ׵鿡 ٴ ǿ ߿伺 ũ. ״ (Isaac Watts) Ҵ ϰڴ.

1788 3 29Ͽ 81 ̷ ū Ǿ. ҽ 50 ó ġ ϰ ܿ ɾ Ȱ Ʈȴٰ Ѵ. ޴ ι Ǿ ó ģ ־, ƹ ó ʱ⿡ ÷ð Բ ߴ ڸ ̾ ̴.

. ڵ(Evangelicals)

 ʱ⿡  ũ еǾ. (sect) ־ٸ, ٸ Կ ұϰ ȸ ̾. ִ Դ ޵Ʈ Ī ٰ Ǿ, ִ Ĵ (Evangelicals) Ҹ Ǿ. ׷ Ư ΰ ϴ ׸ ܼ ƴϴ. ߷(G. R. Balleine) ü迡 е ִٰ Ҵ. ׿ ϸ ޵Ʈ ݸ ڵ鿡Դ 迴١ ̴. ׸Ͽ ڵ ȸ ü踦 ʾҰ ȸϴ ڵ鵵 κ ׵ ְ ǥ Ҵ.

׷ ڵ иϿ . ڵ  ޵Ʈ鿡Լ ƴ϶ ص ޵Ʈ鿡 ִ. ڵ  ȸ ڵ鿡 ۵Ǿµ ׵ ټ ʵ ȸ ϰ Ǿ. Դٰ ʵ尡  ֿ ǥڿ ǥ(publicist)̸ ׵ Ȱ װ ϳ ױ ̴.

Ȱ Ư¡ ִ. ޵Ʈ  ʱ⿡ 뵿ڵ ߽ ߻߰  ı⿡ Ȯ Ǿ. ̷ ׵ ҿ Ư¡ ־. տ ʵ ̼ Ͽ ū ̲ ־ٰ ֵ  ׷ ذ ϴٰ . ɾ(Cairns)  19 ȸ ٿ ߴ.

ʵ Ʒ Ϸ  19 ȸ ߰, 18 ȿ Ͼ  ڵ ϰ ߻ ϴ ׸Է ε 19 ȸ ڵ鿡 ߴ.

򰡶 ϰڴ. ־ ޵Ʈ  Ʒκ ,  κ Ʒ Ͽ ̷ ־. ̵  ־ ȣ ̾, Ư ȸ Ȱ ־ İ ȸڵ װ Ѹ Ÿ ŵξ. ؼ IV-V忡 ڼ ϰ ̴.

߿ ιδ θ(William Romaine), (Henry Venn), ׸(William Grimshaw), ÷(John Fletcher), (John Newton), г( Milner), ׸ ùǿ(Charles Simeon) ִ. ׷ ̵ ڵ ñ ־ ȸ Ȱ ߿ ǹ̸ ι ũ Ʈ (Clapham Sect) ̴.

׵ ΰ ŵ κ ȸ ̾ ڿ⿡ δ ׽źƮ. ׵ ߿ ȸ ִ ε ѵ, εȸ , Ĺ å, ȸǿ, , ڼ , ׸ ġа ־. ׵ ΰ ڽŵ ŷ Ҹ ߰, ڽ ϳ û ڷ ߴ. ׸Ͽ ڽ ϴ Ͽ ּߴ. ׵ ߿ , 񱹱, Ŀ ־ , ߸ĵ鵵 ־ ׸ ׸ , ȸ, ġ, , ׸ ʱ Ͽ Ű ׵ ϳ ־. ̵ ׷ Ұ ߿伺 ɾ ߴ.

ŷ 1738 1834 ȿ ȸ ִ ߽١. ȸȲ ϵ鿡 Ű Ͽ. ̷ ׵ ׵ Ŀϴ ޵Ʈ׸ Ÿ ٸ ű 񱹱 ڽŵ ŵ ִ ̿ Ͽ.

ó ڵ  ȸ Ȱ ̿ Ȱ¼ҿ.

ݱ ٸ ϸ,  DZ ķ ߻ ȸ Ͽ 鿡 Ǿ ־ ȸ ݿ Ǿ ߴ. ̷ Ȳ ӿ ȭǰ еǾ ô ʿ並 ä ɷ ¿.

̷ Ȳ ӿ ôƮ ȸ ȸ Ӱ ߴ Ⱑ Ǿ. ȸ ڱ ̱̰ ȸ縦 ߽ ȸ ȯ ߴµ, ̷ν ȭǾ.

׷  ȥ ƴϾ. ʵ, , ׸ ũ Ʈ ߽ ڵ Ŀ  ߷¿ 谡״. Ư ı ȸ Ȱ ־ ũ Ʈ ߿ µ̾.

ôƮ ȸ  ϰ DZ ׷  ⵶  Ŀ ־. 迡 û , ׸ ȸ ̲ Ǿ , Ư , ׸ ޵Ʈ Ʒ ʸ ȸ ü  ̷. ̽ŷ ոǰ ȸǵ  ʿȭ ߴ.