IV.  ȸ Ȱ

A. ʱ ޵Ʈ ȸ

̷  ̰ų ̷̸ ̻̱ ٴ ̰ õ̸ Ư ̷. ̴ װ 1742⿡ ޵Ʈ (The Character of a Methodist)̶ ǹϴ ٴ ᡱ̶ и.  ϴ ٴ ȮŰ ̾͡. ⿡ ߿  ϴ ȸ ̸ Ѵٴ ̴. (Theodore Runyon) ־ Ѵ.

ȭ ȸ Ư ģټ ִ. ⵶ ǥ ̷ ɰϰ ̶ ٺ ߱ȴ. ÿ ¿ ŷ Ҹ ܳ ȴ. Ҹ ۵ ʿ īο ش. ŷ Ҹ ڽ ô뿡ó ȸ ̵ ִ. ű⿡ Ҹ ¸ ʿϴ Ѵ.

콺 ߿伺 ־ ȸ ׻󽺿ٰ ϸ鼭 ξϱ, ȸǿ ȸ ڵ ڵ ħ õ ӿ Ÿ١ ߴ. ־ ȸ Ѵٴ ȹ ̾. ȸ ˿ ݴϴ  Ű ε Ѵٴ ̾١ ī(Henry Carter)  ٽ հ ִ.

 ׷ ü ȸ Ȱ ̴. II κп 18 ȸ ӿ  Ͽ,  ȭ Դ° ϴ ̴.

A. ʱ ޵Ʈ ȸ

 װ ŵȸ ü Ǿ. ŵȸ â ƴ϶ ̹ ȣ? ۵Ǿ Ǿ ִ ü迴. ߿ ŵ ŵ ϱ ׿ ģ ִ ŵȸ ߴ.

1740 ʿ ڽ ŵȸ ߰, (class) (band) ߰ ȿ ״. 츮 Ư ָؾ ޵Ʈ ȸ ൿǰ иϰ ǰ üȭ Ǿ ִٴ ̴.

1. ŵȸ(The Societies)

ȸ̰ ھ ŵȸ ħ ۼ Ģ Ÿ ִ. 1743 2 ޵Ʈ 𼭶 ִ ŵȸ , ȹ, ׸ Ϲ Ģ(The Nature, Design, and General Rules of the United Societies) ߴµ ű⿡ ɰ Ͽ ھ ϰ ε巯 ִ.

å ϸ ŵȸ ɷ ߱ϸ θ , ٰ ׵ ˿ ޱ⸦ ϴ ̾͡. ׷ Ÿ Ÿ ߴ. ȥ Ƿ Ǹ װ ŷ Ÿ Ǿ ֱ ̶ ̾. ׷Ƿ ŵȸ ȸ ׵ ߴ. ù° Ͽ ϰ ظ ؼ, ° ɷ¿ ϸ ں Ǯ ȸ ؼ, ° ϳԿ ǽĵ鿡 ؼ .

ŵȸ ȸ鿡 ü ũî ұ ߴ. ұδ ˸ ϰ δ ϶ , ȸ ϰ ִ. ŵȸ ȸ ַ ŷ, , м, ݾ ȸ ǿ ġ ͵̱⿡ ָؾ ߴ. ڿ ְ, ڿ ְ, ų ִ ڸ ã ִ ȸ ƾ ϴ ͵̾. ó ޵Ʈ ʱ ܰ迡 ȸ Ͱ ߰ϰ Ǿ ־.

޵ ϵ鿡 õ ̷ ڼ ν ޵Ʈ ܳ ܰ Ѵ. ù ܰ 1741 5 ڸŵ Ͽ ŵȸ ȣ Ͱ ִٴ ̰, ° 1742 2 긮翡 ̷ (A Catain Foy) ȿ ؼ ٴ ̴.  ù ° ܰ ϰ ִ ǿ 1741 5 7 ο ִ.

ŵȸ ״. ڸŵ ָ ִ. Ǻ ̵Ǿ ְ, ڸ ϰ ִ. ̰ ׵ ߸ ƴϴ. ó ڵ鵵 ִ. ָ ڵ鿡 ְ, ڸ , ڵ鿡 ڸ ã ְ, ڸ 湮ϴ ؿ ȥڷδ ϵ鿡 ġ ߴ. Ͽ װ ʿ ϴ ڵ鿡 ְ, ϰ ڸ ϱ ƴϸ ŭ ߴ.

ŵȸ ̷ Ͽ, (E. Douglas Bebb) ŵȸ Կ ־ ó 1791⿡ ϰ ִ.

ù°, ݵ ƴϴ. °, Ư ڿ ؾ Ѵ. ޵Ʈ ŵȸ ڼ ߿伺 𸥴ٰų ǹ ׻ ؾ Ѵٴ ν Ѵٴ ̴. ξ ƴϴ. ݴ ǹ(sanction) ̴.

̷ ̳ ӿ ŵȸ ȸ ʴ ũî ž йϿ, ׵ Ʒ Ͽ Ʒ ޾Ҵ. ̷ ϵ鿡 ġ ܵǾ.

2. (The Classes)

޵Ʈ ڼ ν ° ܰ 긮翡 1742 2 ̷ ϴ. ׸ ̴ ޵Ʈ ȸ ϴ ο ź ߴ. ŵȸ Ȧ(Horsefair) ִ ȸ(New Room) Ǹ ־. ذ (Captain Foy) ϴ Ͽ Ͼ Ͽ. ׷ ذ ִٴ ̾. ȿ ׵ Ǿ. ù°, ɷ ִ ȸ ȸ ֿ Ͼ Ѵ. ° ŵȸ 12 Ѵ. ° ӿ ǥ ٸ α ŵξ ָ û⿡ Ѵٴ ̾. ׷ ʹ Ͽ Ͽ Ͼ ɷ ȸ鵵 ־. ڵ ڽ ϴ ׷ ȸ 湮Ͽ ׵ ¸ ˾ , ɷ ִ κ ϸ ŵξ ڵ ߴ. ׷ ȸ(New Room) ʾ ڸ Ȱ Ǿ.

뵿 ع ׽(Shaftesbury) 10 ð 뵿 ̲ 뵿ڵ , ޵Ʈ ȸ ڹ ڿ ü ȹ Ͽٴ ǹ̽ ̴.

׷ ڱ ̻ ̷ ߴ. ұԸ װ ٶ ũî Ʒ ̻ ġ ݰ Ǿ. ȸ ŵȸ ȸ ϴ Ű ´ٴ ̾. ׸Ͽ ȸ ȸ ׵ ϴ ɷ ִ Ʒ ϻȰ ̸ ̰ ȸ ϸ ο θ ݷϵ Ǿ. ̸ ȸ õ ߴ ߵ鿡 Ӿ, , , ڱ ǥ, ׸ ȸ ¿ ڱ ̷ ̴. 극 ϱ, װ ̸ ̰ ȭ Ű Ǿ١ ߴ.

ȸȰ ŵ ̴. 뵿 鿡Դ ¿ ̷ Ʒ . ׵ ȸ ü ߿ ϴ ׸ α׷ ϴ Ǿ Ӱ ް Ǿ. ׷⿡ 19 뵿ڵ 뵿 ַ ڿ ߴٴ ǿ ƴϴ.

Ȧ(Richard Broholm) ȸ ȸ ߿ Ѵ. ű⿡ ȸ ߿ ƴϾ. ޵Ʈ ο ־ٴ ̾µ ȸ ħ ׷ߴ. , ȸ , , ã . Ư ޵Ʈ (class) ȸ ٺ ΰ ġ ִ ȸ ̹ ߴ. 극 ̸  ٸ â  ο ߴ١ ߴ.

3. (The Bands)

(Band) ϴ ȸ ȭ ǰ ȭ ׷̾. ȸ ŵȸ ǹ ؾ ϴ ̾ ݸ ȸ ģ ģ ϰ ʿ ϴ ڹ ü. ׸Ͽ ŵȸ 5 1 20% .

δ ȸ ߴ. 츥Ʈ ȵ ߱ Ȱ ü ȵ Ȱ ϸ鼭  ü Ǿ. ȵ Բ (Fetter Lane) ŵȸ еǾ ̴. ű⿡ 5-10 Ǿ Ͽ µ ̷ ޾ ߴ ȸʹ ޸ , , ȥ 6 Ͽ ߴ. ̴ Ȳ ϰ ɻ簡 ϸ ģ ִ ׷ ϰ ȭ ְ ϱ ̾. ű⿡ ڽ Ȥ ޾Ҵ ϵ, ¸ ϵ, ׸ ¿ Ӱ ϰ ̾߱⸦ θ ⵵ϰ ݷߴ.

̷ ȭ ȭ ǵ ð ü ־ ȭ, , , ׸ ̶ Ÿ ΰ ߴ. Ϳ ߴ.

׵ ׵ ġ ֵ θ ⵵ߴ. ׸ ׷ . 罽 ν, , ˰ ̻ ׵ ϰ Ǿ. ߴ ׷ Ȥ ع Ǿ. ׵ ֻ ŷ ȿ Ǿ, ִ ȿ dz Ǿ. ׵ Ͽ , dzϵ ȿ .

κ ȸ ɿ ̸ ڱѴ. ݻ ̾ ȸ ˻翡 ܴ ƴϾ.

̷ ȸ (Band)ü ó ԵǾ ־ ƴϴ. ȸ ϱ 1738 5 ۼ ŵȸ Ģ ڼ ̳ ߿伺 . Ƹ ɷ(Peter Boehler) Ʒ ۼ ̰ ŵȸ ȸڰݰ ġ ̷ ϴ ǵ ̾ ̴. 1738 12 ȸ Ģ(Rules of the Band Societies) ۼǾµ ű⿡ ŵȸ . ̴ Ƹ ȸ ̾⿡ ׷ ̴. ׷ 1744 ȸ ൿħ(Directions Given to the Band Societies) и ϰ ִ. ħ ũ ϰ ִ. Ͽ ൿ ﰡ, ϸ, ׸ ϳԿ ǽĿ ׻ ϶󡱴 μ ŵȸ Ϲ Ģ ϴ.

4. Ư ŵȸ(Select Societies)

Ư ŵȸ(Select Society) , , ׸ ־ Ÿ ̴. 1743 12 25Ͽ ó δ. ռ ޸, Ǹ ڵ ߰ ڸŵ տ ִ ڵ ߴ. ׵鿡Դ ڳ Ư Ģ ְ Ģ̾. ٸ ħ ̾. ù °, Ư ŵȸ ־ ȭ ű ʴ´. °, ȸ Ϳ Ѵ. °, ȸ ְ ͵ Ͽ Dz ´ٴ ̾.

Ư ŵȸ ߽ ʴ뱳ȸ ü õϷ ߴ ϴ. ž༺ ̻ װ 4 32-47 ּ ũî ӵǴ ׵ ۿ ̴١ ѵ и 巯. ׷ٰ ʱ ȸڿٴ ƴϴ. ״ ޵Ʈ Ʋ ʾҴ. ״ ޵Ʈ, ̷ α׷ â ʾҴ. Ư ŵȸ, ޵ ȿ ؿ ؼ ߴ.  װ͵ ƴϾ. ̷ ŵ己(Thomas Madron) ó, û Ģ ư Ѵٰ װ ߴ° ̾͡ ϰڴ.

ִ ׷ ǥ ؼ ݴ밡 ־. 1744 Ŀ ȹ ݴ밡 ׸ŭ ߴٴ ϽѴ. ó , װ ȸ ü Ű Ǹ иϰ ش.

ŵȸ, , ׸ Ư ŵȸ ޵ Ǿ ִ ̷ ھǿ ߴ.

 ΰ ھ ڱϱ , 밳  ھ Ģ õ α׷ȭ ߴ. ޵Ʈ  ڵ ƴ϶, װ ű⿡ ھ üȭ װ ھָ üȭ ϰ ߴ.

ȸ ￴, װ ϴ ٸ ߴ. κп Ž ޵Ʈ ü ȸȰ ׵ ̸ ̴.