C. 뿹ع (William Wilberforce, 1759-1833)

ǥ Ҹġ 뿹Ÿſ 1807 뿹Ÿ (The Abolition Act) 1833 뿹ع ɡ(The Emancipation Act) ϰ Ǿ. ѷ ŵΰ ̾. 1833 뿹ع 1834 8 1 Ͽ ü ȿǾµ, ̿ ϰ ִ.

7 31 Ĺ ȸ ä(񱹱 ȸ) , ̷. ٰ ׵ ݰ ٸ ȴ. ȸ ð谡 12ø ˸ ù Ҹ ׵ Ͼ عǾ ϳԲ Լ .

¸ ī Ѿ ϳ ȯ ̷ ̾. Ŀö(Reginald Coupland) ϱ, 1834 7 31 12 Ͽ 800,000 Ǿ. װ ī ߿ ̻ ̾. װ ߴ ̾١ ߴ. Ʈ(George M. Trevelyan) ְ ش.

뿹Ÿſ ĵ ʾҴٸ 20 ī Ŵ ̸, װ θ ĸ״ ó ī, ׸ Ϲ ĸ ̲ ̴.

Ʈ ̷ Ǵ Ǵٸ  Ӹ ƴ϶ п ı ȴ. ̷ ¸ ̲ ڵ κ ũ Ʈ ȸν  ڵ̾ ׵ ڿ ڵκ ڵ̾.

뿹ع  ι ӿ Ʋ ̴. عڵ Ȱ  ߽(mainspring)̾ ̴. ̽(Jonathan Bayes) ϸ ߾ڿ ִ . 1785 Ĺݿ ȸ Ͽ ũî ƴ϶ Ǵ ڷ, ߿ θ ع  ߴ.

뿹ع 1787 Ͽ  ָ ð Ǿ. Ͽ Ǵ Ͻ ϳԲ տ ߿ , 뿹Ÿ µ ϼ̴١ 1787 10 28 ϱ⿡ ݿǾ ִ.

״ 1791 Ͽ ߴµ, ̷ Ȱ κ ݹ ʿ̾. ̷ ݷϰ ̳ ٸ . ׸Ͽ ݴ뿡 ʰ ÿ , Ǹ, Ҹſ, ׸ ź  پ ߿ å ߴ. ̷ Ͽ ߻ ı ״ õϿ ħ 1807 1 2 ̲ 뿹Ÿ ȭ ϴ ȹ ´.

޵Ʈ Ȱ νô. 1807 ¸ Դ ޵Ʈ ϰ Ŀڰ . ޵Ʈ ó ߱⿡ ϸ ڵ ޵Ʈ ׷졯 Ǿٰ Ѵ. ޵Ʈ 󸶳 ־° ݴ û Ǵ ȴ. θ ī丯 ٸ 21 񱹱 ü 122,978 Ȯ ޵Ʈ 229,426 Ͽ û ´ ̴. ׸ 1807 뿹ŸŰ ޵Ʈ ü Ÿ ¿ ư. ׸Ͽ 1807 ȸ ε ִ ޵Ʈ ڵ鿡 عŰ ڿ ȥ ϰ, ٸ ׵ عŰ ϴ Ǿ.

뿹عڵ 1807 ¸ ڸϰ . ׸Ͽ ׵ 1807⿡ 뿹Ÿ ϰ, ٸ 鿡Ե 뿹ŸŸ ϰ ϸ, ׸ ī ȭ ݷϱ ī (The African Institution) âߴ. ̷ ҹ ϱ Լ غǾ ػ Ǽ(Admiralty Courts) Ǿ. Դ Ͽ 750,000 Ŀ ҿ ߰, 3,000 ̻ ߴ. 1840ʹ ر 1/6 Ͽ ԵǾ. عڵ ؿܿ 1804 ũ, 1808 ̱, 1813 , 1814 ׵, ׸ 1815 뿹Ÿ ̲ ´.

׷ ̵ ñ ǥ ü ع̾. ־ 1822 ڽ(Thomas Fowell Buxton) ̾ߴ. ׸ ״ 20,000,000 Ŀ带 Ҵ ְ ϸ鼭 1833 7 29Ͽ Ҵ. ع 1833 5 14Ͽ 8 28Ͽ ȭ Ǿ ̴. ġ 뿹ع ε ֵ鿡 20,000,000 Ŀ带 ߰, ΰ 700,000 Ŀ带 ߴ. ׸ ر Ͽ м ̵ ì ϴ å ߴ.

̷ ϰ ħ ִ ̱ ϰ ƲŸ ߴ. ׸Ͽ ħ 1863 ̱ 뿹ع ǰ Ǿ ̴. ̷ ¸ Ͽ ֽ ΰ̸ η нŰ ĸų ེԵ Ǿ.

̷ ¸ ־ ٵ  ؼ ȵ ̴. Ų佬(J. Mackintosh) 1831 5 Ȧ(Exeter Hall) ȴ ݴ ȸ ȵ鿡 ݴ ־ 1 ġ οϿ ̴ ùٸ 򰡰 ƴ .